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See also: 🈯 [U+1F22F SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307]
U+6307, 指
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307

[U+6306]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6308]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手心日 (QPA), four-corner 51061, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 429, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 778, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1873, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6307

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kiː, *kʰiːʔ
*ŋɡiːs
*ŋɡiːs, *kji
*klje
*kji
*kji, *kjis
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*kjiʔ
*ɡjis
*qʰlji
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri
*ɡri

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjiʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kjiʔ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kí, chái/cháiⁿ/chúiⁿ/chán - vernacular;
  • chí - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: zi2 / zoin2 / gi2 / zeng1 / goi1 / gi6
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tsí / tsóiⁿ / kí / tsṳng / koi / kĭ
    • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡si⁵²/, /t͡sõĩ⁵²/, /ki⁵²/, /t͡sɯŋ³³/, /koi³³/, /ki³⁵/
Note:
  • zoin2 - literary (“finger”);
  • gi2 - literary (“to point”);
  • zeng1 - colloquial, in some words;
  • goi1 - colloquial, in some words;
  • gi6 - colloquial, in some words.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕˠiɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cjiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕjiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǐ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə.kijʔ/
    English finger; point

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17325
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kjiʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. finger
        ―  shǒuzhǐ  ―  finger
    2. to point; to aim
        ―  zhǐchū  ―  to point out
        ―  zhǐ rén  ―  to point at a person
    3. to indicate; to show; to demonstrate
    4. to refer to; to mean
      春天冬天後面那個季節 [MSC, trad.]
      春天冬天后面那个季节 [MSC, simp.]
      Chūntiān zhǐ de shì dōngtiān hòumiàn de nàge jìjié. [Pinyin]
      Spring refers to the season after winter.
    5. to rely on; to depend on
    6. Classifier for fingerwidths.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (counter , hiragana ゆび, rōmaji yubi)

    1. a finger
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 38:
        指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比

    (alternative reading hiragana および, romaji oyobi)

    1. a finger
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 38:
        指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ji) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana いーび, romaji ībi)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いーび, romaji ībi)

    1. finger

    Derived termsEdit

    • 指ぬ先 (いーびぬさち, ībinusachi, fingertip)
    • 大指 (うふいーび, ufuībi, thumb, big toe)
    • 中指 (なかいーび, nakaībi, middle finger)
    • 薬指 (くすいいーび, kusuiībi, ring finger)
    • 差し指 (さしいーび, sashiībi, さちいーび, sachiībi, index finger)
    • 人差し指 (っちゅさしいーび, tchusachiībi, index finger)
    • 均し指, 平し指 (ならしいーび, narashiībi, ring finger)
    • 指小, 指子, 指んぐゎー (いーびんぐゎー, ībingwā, little finger, pinkie)

    Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana っいぃーび, romaji 'yībi)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana っいぃーび, romaji 'yībi)

    1. finger

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chỉ, xỉ, chỏ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.