See also: 🈯 [U+1F22F SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307]
U+6307, 指
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6307

[U+6306]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6308]

Translingual

edit
Stroke order
 

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 64, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手心日 (QPA), four-corner 51061, composition )

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 429, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 778, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1873, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6307

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𢫾

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kjiʔ) : semantic + phonetic (OC *kjiʔ).

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • kí, chái/cháiⁿ/chúiⁿ/chán - vernacular;
  • chí - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: zi2 / zoin2 / zain2 / gi2 / zeng2
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tsí / tsóiⁿ / tsáiⁿ / kí / tsṳ́ng
      • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡si⁵²/, /t͡sõĩ⁵²/, /t͡sãĩ⁵²/, /ki⁵²/, /t͡sɯŋ⁵²/
Note:
  • zi2 - literary;
  • zoin2/zain2 - vernacular (“finger”);
  • zoin2 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • zain2 - Jieyang;
  • gi2 - vernacular (“to point”);
  • zeng2 - colloquial (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyijX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cjiX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.kijʔ/
English finger; point

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17325
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjiʔ/

Definitions

edit

  1. finger
      ―  shǒuzhǐ  ―  finger
  2. to point; to point out; to aim
      ―  zhǐchū  ―  to point out
      ―  zhǐ rén  ―  to point at a person
  3. to indicate; to show; to demonstrate
  4. to refer to; to mean
    春天冬天後面那個季節 [MSC, trad.]
    春天冬天后面那个季节 [MSC, simp.]
    Chūntiān zhǐ de shì dōngtiān hòumiàn de nàge jìjié. [Pinyin]
    Spring refers to the season after winter.
  5. to rely on; to depend on
  6. to criticize; to rebuke
  7. to make one’s hair stand on end
  8. Classifier for fingerwidths.

Synonyms

edit

Compounds

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Thai: ชี้ (chíi, to point)

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

edit

Etymology

edit
Kanji in this term
ゆび
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *oyonpE.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(ゆび) (yubi (counter )

  1. a finger (including thumb)
  2. 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 2, page 38:
    指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比
    Finger The Tangyun calls it a finger, sound shi, [Japanese] yubi, commonly called oyobi

(alternative reading hiragana および, rōmaji oyobi)

  1. a finger
  2. 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 2, page 38:
    指 唐韵云、指. 音旨、由比、俗云於與比
    Finger The Tangyun calls it a finger, sound shi, [Japanese] yubi, commonly called oyobi

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō

Korean

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle Chinese (MC tsyijX). Recorded as Middle Korean 지〮 () (Yale: ci) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

edit
Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 손가락 (son'garak ji))

  1. Hanja form? of (finger).

Compounds

edit

References

edit
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Okinawan

edit

Kanji

edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(いーび) (ībi

  1. finger

Derived terms

edit

Southern Amami-Oshima

edit

Kanji

edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Noun

edit

(っいぃーび) ('yiibi

  1. finger

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: chỉ, xỉ, chỏ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.