See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
之-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+3, 3 strokes, cangjie input 戈弓人 (INO), four-corner 30307)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
之-oracle.svg 之-bronze.svg 之-silk.svg 之-bigseal.svg 之-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(foot) +  ‎(the beginning place) – meaning “to go”.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (19)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhī
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕɨ/ /t͡ɕɨ/ /t͡ɕie/ /cɨ/ /t͡ɕiə/ /t͡ɕĭə/ /t͡ɕi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhī ‹ tsyi › /*tə/ go to
zhī ‹ tsyi › /*tə/ (3p object pronoun; attributive particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17188 0 /*tjɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Indicates that the previous word has possession of the next one.
    生命  ―  shēngmìng zhī dào  ―  the way of life
    美國 / 美国  ―  Měiguó zhī shēng  ―  Voice of America
  2. Indicates that the previous word modifies the next one.
    • 尺寸  ―  chǐcùnzhīgōng  ―  a minor contribution
  3. This.
  4. To sprout, to come about.
  5. To go.
  6. The third-person pronoun: him, her, it, them, when it appears in a non-subject position in the sentence.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("possessive particle")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana すすむ, romaji Susumu)

  1. A male given name
Usage notesEdit

Formerly used to represent the possessive particle ‎(no). In modern Japanese, this character is seldom used, and most commonly found in names, such as 龍之介 ‎(Ryūnosuke).


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: gal, McCune-Reischauer: kal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chi, giây, , vương)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

Read in another language