TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): the sun () sinking into the horizon ( + ).

Both the top and bottom were originally 艹 "grass" — the bottom was later distorted into 大. The original meaning was "dusk," later borrowed for an abstract word. The character uses the original meaning.

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿日大 (TAK), four-corner 44430, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1035, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1494, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3217, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+83AB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (莫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 鐸
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 慕各切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/ /mɑk̚/ /mɑk̚/ /mɑk̚/ /mak̚/ /mɑk̚/ /mɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mak › /*mˤak/ there is no X such that X
‹ mak › /*mˤak/ deliberate (v.) (loan)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9252 0 /*maːɡ/ 從日在茻中,暮初文,小徐茻亦聲

DefinitionsEdit

  1. not, do not, is not, cannot, unable to
  2. negative
  3. a surname

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #7838”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]
  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “臺灣閩南語按呢寫 (Tâi-oân Bân-lâm-gí Án-ne Siá) #376”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[2]

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. cemetery

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mak, mo) (hangeul , , revised mak, mo, McCune-Reischauer mak, mo, Yale mak, mo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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