U+83AB, 莫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83AB

[U+83AA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83AC]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿日大 (TAK), four-corner 44430, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1035, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1494, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3217, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+83AB

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraː
*mraːɡs
*maːl
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ, *mraːɡ
*maːɡ
*mraːɡ
*mraːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the sun () sinking into the bushes (); dusk. Original form of (OC *maːɡs, “dusk”).

The bottom was later distorted into .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

From (OC *ma, “there is no”) + distributive suffix *-k (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mŏ̤h - vernacular (“don't”);
  • mŏk - literary.
Note:
  • bo̍h - vernacular;
  • bo̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mo⁵¹/
Harbin /mɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /mo⁵³/
Jinan /mə²¹/
Qingdao /mə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mo²⁴/
Xi'an /mo²¹/
Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /muə¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mo²¹³/
Chengdu /mo³¹/
Guiyang /mo²¹/
Kunming /mo³¹/
Nanjing /moʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /maʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /maʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
Suzhou /noʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɔʔ²/
/mɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɔk̚²/
Nanning /mɔk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɔk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /moʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mz̩²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vo³³/ 不要
/mo³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mak̚/
Li
Rong
/mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mak › ‹ mak ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤak/ /*mˤak/
English there is no X such that X deliberate (v.) (loan)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːɡ/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. none; nothing; not anything
  2. (literary or dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min Dong) do not; don't; must not
  3. particle indicating a rhetorical question
  4. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 不要
Jinan 別價
Xi'an 不敢
Wuhan
Chengdu 不要
Yangzhou 不要
Hefei 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔好
Hong Kong 唔好
Yangjiang 無好
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 毋愛毋好
Jin Taiyuan 不要不敢
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢伓讓
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通毋愛
Quanzhou 毋通毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Yilan 毋通
Lukang
Sanxia 莫去
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 𧟰
Wenzhou 𧟰
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Contraction of 毋愛毋爱 (m̄-ài).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

(Min Nan)

  1. do not; don't; must not
  2. to not want
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“do not”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 不要
Jinan 別價
Xi'an 不敢
Wuhan
Chengdu 不要
Yangzhou 不要
Hefei 不要
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔好
Hong Kong 唔好
Yangjiang 無好
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 毋愛毋好
Jin Taiyuan 不要不敢
Min Bei Jian'ou 伓敢伓讓
Min Dong Fuzhou 伓通
Min Nan Xiamen 毋通毋愛
Quanzhou 毋通毋愛
Zhangzhou 毋通
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Yilan 毋通
Lukang
Sanxia 莫去
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 𧟰
Wenzhou 𧟰
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (, “dusk; late”).
  2. a kind of vegetable

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mak, mo) (hangeul , , revised mak, mo, McCune-Reischauer mak, mo, Yale mak, mo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.