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ChineseEdit

 
curios; antiques; to play; to amuse oneself
 
tool; device; utensil; equipment; instrument
simp. and trad.
(玩具)
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

玩具

  1. toy (Classifier: )
    兒童玩具 / 儿童玩具  ―  értóng wánjù  ―  children's toys
    益智玩具  ―  yìzhì wánjù  ―  educational toys

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 玩具 (“toy”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 玩具
Mandarin Beijing 玩意兒, 玩玩意兒, 玩印子
Taiwan 玩具
Cantonese Hong Kong 玩具
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 玩具
Liudui (S. Sixian) 玩具
Hsinchu (Hailu) 玩具
Dongshi (Dabu) 玩具
Hsinchu (Raoping) 玩具
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 童物
Min Dong Fuzhou 客佻乇
Min Nan Xiamen 𨑨迌物
Quanzhou 𨑨迌物
Zhangzhou 𨑨迌物
Taipei 尪仔物
Kaohsiung 𨑨迌物仔
Tainan 𨑨迌物
Taichung 𨑨迌物仔
Wuqi 𨑨迌物仔
Hsinchu 𨑨迌物仔
Taitung 𨑨迌物仔
Lukang 𨑨迌物仔
Yilan 𨑨迌物仔
Magong 𨑨迌物
Wu Shanghai 白相幹

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3
Irregular

Alteration of (o-, honorific prefix) +‎ 持ち遊び (mochiasobi, toy).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

玩具 (hiragana おもちゃ, rōmaji omocha)

  1. (colloquial) a toy, plaything
    Synonyms: 遊び道具 (asobi dōgu), トイ (toi), 持ち遊び (mochiasobi), 弄び (moteasobi), 弄び物 (moteasobi-mono)
Usage notesEdit

This term is often spelled in hiragana.

Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: S

Grade: 3
on’yomi

/ɡwan ɡu//ɡaŋɡu/

From Middle Chinese 玩具 (MC ŋuɑnH ɡɨoH).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

玩具 (hiragana がんぐ, rōmaji gangu, historical hiragana ぐわんぐ)

  1. (formal) a toy, plaything
    Synonyms: 遊び道具 (asobi dōgu), 玩物 (ganbutsu), トイ (toi)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN