See also: , , , and
U+5177, 具
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5177

[U+5176]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5178]

具 U+2F811, 具
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F811
兤
[U+2F810]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𠔜
[U+2F812]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms

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Form differs between China and Japan – in China the top component is connected with the long horizontal line, while in Japan they are separate.

The same difference occurs in the characters and , which are unrelated etymologically but graphically similar in their current forms.

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 12, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月一一金 (BMMC), four-corner 60801, composition ⿱⿴𠀃(GHTKV) or (J or U+2F811))

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 128, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 246, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5177

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𰋙

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (shell, money) + (two hands).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • khî - vernacular;
  • khí - literary.
Note: khū - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter gjuH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɡioH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
geoi6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)o-s/
English arrange, provide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7133
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡos/

Definitions

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  1. tool; implement
      ―  jiā  ―  furniture
      ―  wén  ―  stationery
      ―  wán  ―  toy
      ―  gōng  ―  tool; instrument; implement
      ―    ―  utensil; implement; tool; ware; instrument
  2. to possess; to have
      ―  bèi  ―  to possess; to be equipped with
    一格一格  ―  biéyīgé  ―  have a style of one's own
  3. (literary) to provide; to furnish
  4. (literary) ability; talent
  5. (literary) to state; to report; to list
  6. Alternative form of (all; every)
  7. feast
  8. in full detail
  9. Classifier for coffins, corpses, and certain instruments.

Compounds

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Further reading

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Japanese

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Shinjitai  
Kyūjitai
[1][2]

具󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
具󠄄
+&#xE0104;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(Third grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Pronunciation

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Counter

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() (-gu

  1. sets (armor, furniture)

Noun

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() (gu

  1. tool
  2. means
  3. (cooking) secondary ingredient, such as spices, seasonings, and sauces
  4. base

Derived terms

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Suffix

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() (-gu

  1. tool, ingredient
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References

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  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 [The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 254 (paper), page 177 (digital)
  2. ^ Shōundō Henshūjo, editor (1927), 新漢和辞典 [The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Ōsaka: Shōundō, →DOI, page 189 (paper), page 106 (digital)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Yamada, Tadao et al., editors (2011), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Seventh edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 갖출 (gatchul gu))

  1. Hanja form? of (tool; a surname).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: cụ, cỗ, gỗ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.