See also: , , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
件-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(man) +  ‎(cow) – man and cow form a unit.

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹手 (OHQ), four-corner 25200, composition)

  1. numerary adjunct for article
  2. item
  3. matter

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 410
  • Dae Jaweon: page 200, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 122, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EF6

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³⁵/ 一~衣裳
/t͡ɕʰie³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕiẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑiẽ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰian⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰien⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kin²²/
Nanning /kin²²/
Hong Kong /kin²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kian²²/
/kiã²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiã³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kin³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇnX/ /gi̯ɛnX/ /ɡiɛnX/ /ɡiɛnX/ /gianX/ /ɡĭɛnX/ /ɡjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiàn ‹ gjenX › /*[ɡ]r[a][n]ʔ (no pre-Qín exx?)/ item

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6183 1 /*ɡranʔ/ 見漢印

DefinitionsEdit

  1. document; letter
      ―  wénjiàn  ―  document, file
    /   ―  yóujiàn  ―  mail
      ―  xìnjiàn  ―  letter
    /   ―  zhèngjiàn  ―  certificate, document, ID
  2. item; component
      ―  jiàn  ―  parts, components
      ―  língjiàn  ―  part, component
    /   ―  bèijiàn  ―  spare part
    /   ―  ruǎnjiàn  ―  software

ClassifierEdit

  1. classifier for events
  2. classifier for clothes
    襯衫 / 衬衫  ―  jiàn chènshān  ―  a shirt
  3. classifier for things
    東西 / 东西  ―  jiàn dōngxi  ―  a thing
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 je5 [Jyutping]  ―  a thing

See alsoEdit

  • (tiáo, “classifier for pants”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. case
  2. matter
  3. subject

‎(hiragana くだん, romaji kudan)

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

  1. example
  2. precedent
  3. kudan; half-human, half-ox mythical creature

‎(hiragana くだり, romaji kudari)

  1. clause, passage, paragraph
  2. precedent (see 件[くだん] [2])

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geon) (hangeul , revised geon, McCune-Reischauer kŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiện, kịn, kẹn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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