to be psychotic; to be schizophrenic; to have multiple personalitiesailment; illness; disease; fall ill; sick; defect simp. and trad.
|Kanji in this term|
Compound of 精神 (seishin, “mind, intellect; psyche”) + 分裂 (bunretsu, “split; break apart”) + 病 (byō, “disease, sickness, illness”). Coined in Japan in the Meiji period as a calque of German Schizophrenie.
The Japanese term 精神 (seishin, “mind”) has overtones of reason or intellect in ordinary use, leading historically to some confusion regarding this diagnosis, as persons with schizophrenia do not necessarily exhibit any breakdown of intellect. The misnomer nature of this word, as well as the stigma associated with this pejorative term, ultimately led the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology to formally relabel the disease in 2002 as 統合失調症 (tōgō shitchō shō, literally “comprehensive disharmony/imbalance disorder”), a name alluding to the biopsychosocial model of mental illnesses.
- 精神分裂病患者 (seishin bunretsu byō kanja): (dated, deprecated, potentially offensive) a schizophrene, a person suffering from schizophrenia