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ChineseEdit

to be psychotic; to be schizophrenic; to have multiple personalities
 
ailment; illness; disease; fall ill; sick; defect
simp. and trad.
(精神分裂病)
精神分裂

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

精神分裂病

  1. (psychiatry) Alternative name for 精神分裂症 (jīngshén fēnlièzhèng, “schizophrenia”).

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
しん
Grade: 3
ぶん
Grade: 2
れつ
Grade: S
びょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of 精神 (seishin, mind, intellect; psyche) +‎ 分裂 (bunretsu, split; break apart) +‎ (byō, disease, sickness, illness). Coined in Japan in the Meiji period as a calque of German Schizophrenie.

The Japanese term 精神 (seishin, mind) has overtones of reason or intellect in ordinary use, leading historically to some confusion regarding this diagnosis, as persons with schizophrenia do not necessarily exhibit any breakdown of intellect. The misnomer nature of this word, as well as the stigma associated with this pejorative term, ultimately led the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology to formally relabel the disease in 2002 as 統合失調症 (tōgō shitchō shō, literally comprehensive disharmony/imbalance disorder), a name alluding to the biopsychosocial model of mental illnesses.

PronunciationEdit

  • On’yomi
    • (Tokyo) ーしんぶんれつびょー [sèéshíń búńrétsú byóó] (Heiban – [0])[1]
    • IPA(key): [se̞ːɕĩm bɯ̟̃ᵝnɾe̞t͡sɨᵝ bʲo̞ː]

NounEdit

精神分裂病 (hiragana せいしんぶんれつびょう, rōmaji seishin bunretsu byō)

  1. (dated, potentially offensive) schizophrenia

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9