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ChineseEdit

 
energy; perfect; excellent; refined; very; proficient
 
God; unusual; mysterious; soul; spirit; divine essence; lively; spiritual being
simp. and trad.
(精神)

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (13) (27)
Final () (121) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/ /ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/ /ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/ /ʑin/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/ /d͡ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng shén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng shén
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjeng › ‹ zyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*tseŋ/ /*Cə.li[n]/
English fine rice; pure spirit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 11327 11245
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleŋ/ /*hlin/

NounEdit

精神

  1. spirit; soul; will
    創業精神 / 创业精神  ―  chuàngyè jīngshén  ―  enterprising spirit
    工匠精神  ―  gōngjiàng jīngshén  ―  craftsman's spirit
    批判精神  ―  pīpàn jīngshén  ―  critical spirit
  2. (psychology) mind; mental state
  3. energy; vigour; drive
    父親看起來精神矍鑠老人 [MSC, trad.]
    父亲看起来精神矍铄老人 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā de fùqīn kànqilai shì yī wèi jīngshén juéshuò de lǎorén. [Pinyin]
    His father looks like a sprightly old man.
  4. essence; gist
SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

精神

  1. (attributive) spiritual; immaterial; cultural
    精神家園 / 精神家园  ―  jīngshén jiāyuán  ―  spiritual home
  2. (attributive) mental; psychiatric; psychological
See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


AdjectiveEdit

精神

  1. lively; active; brisk; in good spirits; spirited; energetic
  2. (Northeastern Mandarin) pretty; handsome
  3. (Jianghuai Mandarin) cautious; alert
  4. (Jiaoliao Mandarin) shrewd

VerbEdit

精神

  1. (Hokkien) to wake up; to be awake

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (精神):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
しん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

精神 (hiragana せいしん, rōmaji seishin)

  1. psyche; spirit; soul; mind; will
    • 2003 November 20, “ゴギガ・ガガギゴ [Gogiga Gagagigo]”, in 天空の聖域 [The Sanctuary in the Sky], Konami:
       (すで) (せい) (しん) (ほう) (かい)し、 (にく) (たい) (さら)なるパワーを (もと)めて (ぼう) (そう)する。その姿 (すがた)にかつての (おも) (かげ)はない…。
      Sude ni seishin wa hōkaishi, nikutai wa saranaru pawā o motomete bōsōsuru. Sono sugata ni katsute no omokage wa nai….
      His mind long since collapsed, his body recklessly continues craving even more power. He no longer resembles his former self….

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

精神 (jeongsin) (hangeul 정신)

  1. Hanja form? of 정신 (spirit, mind).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

精神

  1. Hán tự form of tinh thần (spirit, mind).