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U+7CBE, 精
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CBE

[U+7CBD]
CJK Unified Ideographs 粿
[U+7CBF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 119 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ) – polished rice.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zing1 - literary;
  • zeng1 - vernacular (“smart; clever”).
Note:
  • cĭng - literary;
  • ciăng - vernacular.
Note:
  • cheng - literary;
  • chiaⁿ, chiⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13)
Final () (121) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /t͡siᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/ /t͡siæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/ /t͡siajŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/ /t͡sĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /t͡si̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng jìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tseŋ/
English fine rice; pure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11327 11337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleŋ/ /*ʔsleŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. polished rice
  2. essence; energy
  3. spirit; energy; vigour
  4. seminal fluid; semen
  5. spirit; soul
  6. essence; concentrate
  7. demon; goblin
  8. lean meat
  9. fine; refined
  10. pure; unmixed
  11. concentrated; sincere
  12. clear; bright
  13. exquisite; profound
  14. extremely; very
  15. to be proficient; to be expert at
  16. to expose; to be bare
  17. (Cantonese) smart; clever
  18. Alternative form of (level tone)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. essence

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (t͡siᴇŋ, essence, energy). Compare modern Mandarin reading jīng.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. detailed, conscientious
  2. pure, refined
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. polishing, refining
  2. care, conscientiousness
  3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
  4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
  5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
  6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
  7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
  8. semen
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しらげ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Noun stem of verb 精げる (shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from (shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + (gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しらげ, rōmaji shirage)

  1. rice polishing, rice milling
  2. polished or milled rice
  3. excellence
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tinh, tênh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.