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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 119, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 火木手一月 (FDQMB), four-corner 95927, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K or U+FA1D))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 910, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1336, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3150, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7CBE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ) – polished rice.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • zing1 - literary;
  • zeng1 - vernacular (“smart; clever”).
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • cĭng - literary;
    • ciăng - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • cheng - literary;
    • chiaⁿ, chiⁿ - vernacular.
    Note:
    • zêng1 - literary;
    • zian1 - vernacular (“demon; lean”).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tseŋ/
    English fine rice; pure

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11327
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsleŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. polished rice
    2. essence; energy
    3. spirit; energy; vigour
    4. seminal fluid; semen
    5. spirit; soul
    6. essence; concentrate
    7. demon; goblin
    8. (dialectal, of meat) lean
    9. fine; refined
    10. pure; unmixed
    11. concentrated; sincere
    12. clear; bright
    13. exquisite; profound
    14. extremely; very
    15. to be proficient; to be expert at
    16. to expose; to be bare
    17. (Cantonese) smart; clever
    18. Alternative form of (level tone)
    19. () (phonology) a Middle Chinese initial and the 'Phags-pa script letter (dz-)
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 精液 (“semen”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 精液
    Mandarin Beijing
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 漿
    Chengdu 精水精液頭兒油化豬油豬油
    Guiyang 精水
    Liuzhou 精水
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Cantonese Hong Kong 精液
    Dongguan 精液
    Kuala Lumpur 精液
    Gan Lichuan
    Hakka Meixian 膦屎
    Yudu 卵屎
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 膦屎
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 膦屎
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 膦屎
    Dongshi (Dabu) 膦屎
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 膦屎
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 膦屎
    Senai 膦屎
    Huizhou Shexian
    Tunxi
    Jixi 鳥漿
    Jin Xinzhou 㞞糊子
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Pinghua Nanning 𨳍水
    Wu Shanghai 白脫油白脫
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou 陽水
    Wenzhou 頹漿
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 卵漿漿水
    Xiang Changsha 卵漿精子
    Loudi 卵水漿

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11337
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsleŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. strong

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“clear; fine”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. essence

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (t͡siᴇŋ, essence, energy). Compare modern Mandarin reading jīng.

    PronunciationEdit

    AdjectiveEdit

    (-na inflection, hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

    1. detailed, conscientious
    2. pure, refined
    InflectionEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

    1. polishing, refining
    2. care, conscientiousness
    3. something polished or refined, particularly polished white rice
    4. vim and vigor, energy in doing things
    5. life force, vitality, the energy of living
    6. one's emotions, mind, or soul
    7. the soul or spirit of a thing, particularly when appearing on its own; a fairy, a sprite
    8. semen
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しらげ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Noun stem of verb 精げる (shirageru, to polish, to refine), itself derived from (shira, white, form used in compounds, usually shiro on its own) + (gu, verbalizing suffix), originally just meaning to whiten something.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しらげ, rōmaji shirage)

    1. rice polishing, rice milling
    2. polished or milled rice
    3. excellence
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune–Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tinh, tênh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.