U+810A, 脊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-810A

[U+8109]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+810B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火金月 (FCB), four-corner 11227)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 982, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2070, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+810A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chiak/chek - literary;
  • chit/chiah - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ji
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ek/
English spine, backbone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5782
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔseɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) spine; backbone
  2. (of terrain, rooms, etc.) ridgeline; ridge; spine; ridge beam
  3. (of books, knives, etc.) spine
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. height, stature

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡siᴇk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 쳑〮 (Yale: chyek) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 등마루 (deungmaru cheok))

  1. Hanja form? of (spine; backbone).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.