ChineseEdit

west
 
melon; claw; gourd
melon; claw; gourd; squash
trad. (西瓜) 西
simp. #(西瓜) 西
Literally: “western melon”.
 
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EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

西瓜

 
西瓜
  1. watermelon

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (西瓜):
  • Japanese: 西瓜(すいか) (suika)
  • Korean: 서과 (西瓜, seogwa)

Others:


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
西
すい
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
tōon kan’on
Alternative spelling
水瓜

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese compound 西瓜 (sej kwæ, literally west + melon). Compare modern Mandarin 西瓜 (xīguā, “watermelon”). Sui is the 唐音 (tōon) of 西.[1][2][3][4] There is an alternative spelling of 水瓜,[1][3][2][4][5] which may be seen as both ateji and a calque of English watermelon.

Various Japanese references indicate that the fruit was imported from China in the early Edo period in the 1600s.[1][3][2] However, the word is first attested in Japanese in a text from the 1360s, suggesting that the fruit was originally imported earlier, but did not become more widely known until the 1600s.[4]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

西(すい)() (suikaすいくわ (suikwa)?

  1. watermelon

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as スイカ.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 西瓜”, in デジタル大辞泉 (Dejitaru Daijisen)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 西瓜・水瓜”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term
西

NounEdit

西瓜 (seogwa) (hangeul 서과)

  1. Hanja form? of 서과 (watermelon).

OkinawanEdit

Kanji in this term
西
しー
Grade: 2
くゎ
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

西瓜 (hiragana しーくゎ, katakana シークヮ, rōmaji shīkwa)

  1. watermelon
    Synonym: 広東瓜 (kwantuui)

ReferencesEdit

  • シークヮ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.