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See also:
U+74DC, 瓜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74DC

[U+74DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74DD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Han characterEdit

(radical 97 +0, in Chinese 5 strokes, in Japanese 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230)

  1. Kangxi radical #97, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Melon (English)
Gourd (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraː
*kʷraːs
*qʷraː, *qʷraːs
*qʷraː
*qʷraːs
*qʷraːs
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*ɡʷaː
*ɡʷlaː

PronunciationEdit


Note: koe - vernacular, koa - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
Jinan /kua²¹³/
Qingdao /kua²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
Xi'an /kua²¹/
Xining /kua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kua³¹/
Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
Hefei /kua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
Hohhot /kua³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
/kua⁵³/
Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /kuo³³/
Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/kua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/kua/
Wang
Li
/kwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guā
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤra/
English melon, gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4340
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷraː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. melon
  2. gourd
  3. (Cantonese slang, humorous) to die

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. gourd, squash, melon

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
うり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, compiled some time after 759 CE.

Possibly derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 熟る (uru, to ripen), modern form 熟れる (ureru).

Possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi, cucumber); compare other terms in the Japonic family, such as Kikai (ui) and Yoron (ui).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うり, katakana ウリ, rōmaji uri)

  1. gourd, squash, melon

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウリ.

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

NounEdit

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. gourd

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gwa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwa, McCune-Reischauer: kwa, Yale: kwa)
    • Name (hangeul): 오이 (revised: oi, McCune-Reischauer: oi, Yale: oi)
  1. cucumber

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(qua, dưa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YoronEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

NounEdit

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. cucumber, gourd