See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
瓜-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
瓜-bronze.svg 瓜-bigseal.svg 瓜-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 97 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230)

  1. melon, gourd, cucumber
  2. rad. 97

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
Jinan /kua²¹³/
Qingdao /kua²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
Xi'an /kua²¹/
Xining /kua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kua³¹/
Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
Hefei /kua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
Hohhot /kua³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
/kua⁵³/
Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /kuo³³/
Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣua/ /kwa/ /kua/ /kʷɯa/ /kwaɨ/ /kwa/ /kua/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guā ‹ kwæ › /*kʷˤra/ melon, gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4340 0 /*kʷraː/

NounEdit

  1. melon
  2. gourd
  3. (Cantonese, slang) to die

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. gourd

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(qua, dưa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. cucumber, gourd
Read in another language