See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 97 +0, in Chinese 5 strokes, in Japanese 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230)

  1. melon, gourd, cucumber
  2. rad. 97

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
Jinan /kua²¹³/
Qingdao /kua²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
Xi'an /kua²¹/
Xining /kua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kua³¹/
Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
Hefei /kua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
Hohhot /kua³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
/kua⁵³/
Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /kuo³³/
Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/kua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/kua/
Wang
Li
/kwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guā
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤra/
English melon, gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4340
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷraː/

NounEdit

  1. melon
  2. gourd

VerbEdit

  1. (Cantonese slang, humorous) to die

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. gourd

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(qua, dưa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. cucumber, gourd
Read in another language