See also:
U+74DC, 瓜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74DC

[U+74DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74DD]
U+2F60, ⽠
KANGXI RADICAL MELON

[U+2F5F]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F61]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 97, +0, 5 strokes in Chinese, 6 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230, composition 𠂆 or 𤓰)

  1. Kangxi radical #97, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) - a pictograph of a melon suspended by its vines.

Etymology 1 edit

Etymology not clear (Schuessler, 2007).

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Hmong-Mien *klˠa (cucumber) (Ostapirat, 2016).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Jinjiang, Taiwan:
    • koe - vernacular;
    • koa - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
    Jinan /kua²¹³/
    Qingdao /kua²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
    Xi'an /kua²¹/
    Xining /kua⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kua³¹/
    Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
    Hefei /kua²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /kua³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
    /kua⁵³/
    Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
    Wenzhou /kuo³³/
    Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
    Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
    Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
    Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
    /kue⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter kwae
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kua/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guā
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gwaa1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷˁra/
    English melon, gourd

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4340
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷraː/

    Definitions edit

    1. melon; gourd; squash
      西  ―  guā  ―  watermelon
        ―  nánguā  ―  pumpkin
        ―  dōngguā  ―  winter melon
    2. (Mainland China, slang, neologism) storyful news
      今年最大  ―  jīnnián zuìdà de guā  ―  the most storyful news this year
      See also: 吃瓜
    3. (Singapore, colloquial) fellow; dude
    4. a surname

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    • Bouyei: gval
    • Zhuang: gve

    Etymology 2 edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to Mandarin 'to die'?”)

    Pronunciation edit


    Definitions edit

    1. (Wuhan Mandarin, Cantonese, Xiang, humorous) to die
    Synonyms edit
    • (to die):

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    うり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ori. Found in the Man'yōshū, compiled some time after 759 CE.

    Possibly derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of classical verb 熟る (uru), modern form 熟れる (ureru, to ripen).

    Possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi, cucumber); compare other terms in the Japonic family, such as Kikai (ui) and Yoron (ui).

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (うり) (uri

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    Usage notes edit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as ウリ.

    Derived terms edit

    Idioms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Kikai edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Etymology edit

    Cognate with Japanese (うり) (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    Noun edit

    (うい) (ui

    1. gourd

    Compounds edit

    • 胡瓜 (きうい, kiui, cucumber)

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 오이 (oi gwa))

    1. cucumber

    Miyako edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Etymology edit

    Cognate with Japanese (うり) (uri, gourd, squash, melon), possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi).

    Noun edit

    (うーㇲ゙) (ūdz

    1. melon
    2. gourd

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    うい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with Japanese (うり) (uri, gourd, squash, melon), possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi).

    Noun edit

    (うい) (ui

    1. melon
    2. gourd

    Tày edit

    Noun edit

    (qua)

    1. Nôm form of qua (melon).

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: qua[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: qua[3][4][5], dưa[1][6], co[1]

    1. chữ Hán form of qua (melon).
    2. Nôm form of dưa (melon).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Yoron edit

    Kanji edit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Etymology edit

    Cognate with Japanese (うり) (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    Noun edit

    (うい) (ui

    1. cucumber, gourd