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See also:
U+74DC, 瓜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74DC

[U+74DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74DD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 97, +0, 5 strokes in Chinese, 6 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230, composition𠂆 or ⿻𤓰)

  1. Kangxi radical #97, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraː
*kʷraːs
*qʷraː, *qʷraːs
*qʷraː
*qʷraːs
*qʷraːs
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*ɡʷaː
*ɡʷlaː

Pictogram (象形) - a pictograph of a melon suspended by its vines.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • koe - vernacular;
    • koa - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
    Jinan /kua²¹³/
    Qingdao /kua²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
    Xi'an /kua²¹/
    Xining /kua⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kua³¹/
    Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
    Hefei /kua²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /kua³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
    /kua⁵³/
    Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
    Wenzhou /kuo³³/
    Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
    Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
    Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
    Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
    /kue⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kua/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guā
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷˁra/
    English melon, gourd

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4340
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷraː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. melon; gourd; squash
    2. (Cantonese, slang, humorous) to die
    3. (Mainland China, slang, neologism) storyful news
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to die):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    うり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ori. Found in the Man'yōshū, compiled some time after 759 CE.

    Possibly derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of classical verb 熟る (uru), modern form 熟れる (ureru, to ripen).

    Possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi, cucumber); compare other terms in the Japonic family, such as Kikai (ui) and Yoron (ui).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うり, katakana ウリ, rōmaji uri)

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウリ.

    Derived termsEdit

    IdiomsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KikaiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    1. gourd

    CompoundsEdit

    • 胡瓜 (きうい, kiui, cucumber)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gwa)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwa, McCune–Reischauer: kwa, Yale: kwa)
      • Name (hangeul): 오이 (revised: oi, McCune–Reischauer: oi, Yale: oi)
    1. cucumber

    VietnameseEdit

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    1. cucumber, gourd