See also: 進步 and 进步

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
ほ > ぽ
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
進步 (kyūjitai)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しん)() (shinpo (kyūjitai 進步)

  1. progress; improvements in social welfare.
    コンピューター急速(きゅうそく)進歩(しんぽ)()げた
    Konpyūtā wa kyūsoku na shinpo o togeta.
    Computers have made rapid progress.
  2. Personal progress, usually in the development of a skill.
    その生徒(せいと)進歩(しんぽ)(もう)()ない
    Sono seito no shinpo wa mōshibunai.
    The student’s progress is satisfactory.

VerbEdit

(しん)()する (shinpo surusuru (stem (しん)() (shinpo shi), past (しん)()した (shinpo shita), kyūjitai 進步)

  1. To improve (in reference to a society's technological capability or general quality of life).
    医学(いがく)めざましく進歩(しんぽ)している。
    Igaku wa mezamashiku shinpo shite iru.
    Progress in medicine is going ahead by leaps and bounds.
  2. To advance in proficiency; to make progress in the development of a skill.
    トムの日本語(にほんご)(すこ)しずつ進歩(しんぽ)している。
    Tomu no nihongo wa sukoshi-zutsu shinpo shite iru.
    Tom’s Japanese is improving little by little.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

進歩(しんぽ) (shinpo) is quite common as a verb (進歩(しんぽ)する (shinpo suru)), and it is most easily understood in relation to the English word progress. It is frequently used in reference to social progress, particularly of a technological nature, and to personal progress in a skill. It is not generally used to refer to progress in other sorts of endeavors, such as a trip up a mountain (e.g., "Due to the blizzard, their progress was slow."), or of time in general (e.g., "As the evening progressed, the party became more chaotic.").

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN