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ChineseEdit

 
long; length; forever; always; constantly; chief; head; elder; to grow; to develop
 
bid farewell; diction; resign; say goodbye; take leave; decline
trad. (長辭)
simp. (长辞)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1
Initial () (11) (17)
Final () (105) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨɐŋ/ /zɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɐŋ/ /zɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɑŋ/ /zie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨaŋ/ /zɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȡiaŋ/ /ziə/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭaŋ/ /zĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯aŋ/ /zi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cháng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cháng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjang › ‹ zi ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə-[N]-traŋ/ /*sə.lə/
English long (adj.) words

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/1
No. 1276 1684
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daŋ/ /*ljɯ/

VerbEdit

長辭

  1. to leave permanently
  2. to die

Derived termsEdit