Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
直-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
直-torder.gif
Japanese stroke order
直-jbw.png

Alternative formsEdit

Note the different forms, which differ in two respects: simplified does not have a left vertical stroke, while the traditional form has a left vertical stroke; and in simplified form, the top component is connected with the bottom, while in traditional they are separated – this last difference is shared with the related character and the unrelated character . The traditional form and stroke order are used in Japan and Taiwan.

EtymologyEdit

Original (in oracle script) a vertical line emerging from the top of a nose 自, in present form resembles a cross 十 over 目. The line on the side appears in bronze script and subsequently stretched under the 目 shape, while the traditional form appears in seal script. The top component has been relatively unstable, taking on other shapes such as – compare , and different forms of .

Han characterEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

(radical 109 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十月一一 (JBMM), four-corner 40716)

  1. straight, erect, vertical
  2. alignment, aligned, harmonious
  3. (archaic, interchangeable with ) value, worth
  4. (archaic, interchangeable with ) only, solely

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 800, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1215, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 61, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76F4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sek̚²/
Nanning /t͡sek̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
/tit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdit̚³/
/t͡sek̚⁵/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. straight

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative form of .

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sek̚²/
Nanning /t͡sek̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
/tit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdit̚³/
/t͡sek̚⁵/

VerbEdit

  1. (classical) worth
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Jīn yǒu bù yīpǐ, jiàzhí yībǎi èrshíwǔ. [Pinyin]
    Now [there] exists cloth one piece, [its] value [is] worth one hundred and twenty five [dollars].

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. straight

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune-Reischauer chik, Yale cik)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trực, chực, sực)

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