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See also:
U+967D, 陽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-967D

[U+967C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+967E]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓中日一竹 (NLAMH), four-corner 76227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1859, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4144, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+967D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *hljaŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋʔ, *l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ, *laŋ
*l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l'aŋ
*l'aŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ, *laŋ
*hljaŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ, *rlaːŋʔ
*laŋ
*ljaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laŋ) and ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  (hill) + phonetic  (OC *laŋ, sunshine) – sun shining on a hill.

EtymologyEdit

Either Sino-Tibetan or an Mainland Southeast Asian (MSEA) Wanderwort; compare Burmese လင်း (lang:, bright), Lepcha [script needed] (a-lóṅ, reflective light), Thai ปลั่ง (bplàng, bright; shiny) (Schuessler, 2007).

STEDT provisionally sets up Proto-Kuki-Chin *klaaŋ-I, klaan-II (shine; light; bright) and compares it to the following:

  • (OC *laŋ, “sunshine”)
  • (OC *kraŋʔ, “bright; scenery”)
  • (OC *kraŋs, “mirror”)
  • (OC *raŋs, “bright”)
  • (OC *kjaŋ, “brilliant, splendid; rule; emblem; display (v.)”)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông/iâng - literary.
Note:
  • iên5 - Chaozhou (in placenames);
  • ion5 - Shantou (in placenames).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/
    English bright

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14590
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (philosophy)maleprinciple; yang in yin-yang
    2. light
    3. positive
    4. sun
      /   ―  tàiyáng  ―  the Sun
    5. male genitals
      /   ―  yáng  ―  penis
    6. open; overt
      /   ―  yánggōu  ―  open drain, ditch
    7. south side of mountain or north side of river
    8. A surname​.

    AntonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. the sun
    2. yang (in contrast to yin)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji hi)

    1. Alternative spelling of : sun, sunshine

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji , historical hiragana やう)

    1. sun; sunlight; light
    2. yang (in yin-yang)
    3. positive; plus; male
    4. open; overt

    NounEdit

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji , historical hiragana やう)

    1. yang (in yin-yang)
    2. open (visible space)
       (いん) (よう)in ni yō niopenly and covertly; implicitly and explicitly

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (byeot yang))

    1. sun light
    2. the sun
    3. yang (in contrast to yin)
    4. male
    5. morning
    6. sky

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit