See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
長-bw.png
Stroke order
長-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

Han characterEdit

(radical 168 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

  1. long
  2. length
  3. excel in
  4. leader / master / chief

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Jyutping coeng4, zoeng2, Yale cheung4, jeung2)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ chhông, Guangdong tshong3, tsh'ong2 [Meixian], chong3, ch'ong2, chong5 [Hailu], tsong3, tsong5 [Siyan], chong3, ch'ong2 [Kwangtung], tsong3 [Bao'an, Dongguan, Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim cong2, zong3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō)

  1. chief; head (of an organization)

CompoundsEdit

  • 長歌 (ちょうか, chōka)
  • 長句 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長躯 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長兄 (ちょうけい, chōkei)
  • 長子 (ちょうし, chōshi)
  • 長女 (ちょうじょ, chōjo)
  • 長上 (ちょうじょう, chōjō)
  • 長調 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 長短 (ちょうたん, chōtan)
  • 長夜 (ちょうや, chōya)
  • 長老 (ちょうろう, chōrō)
  • 長唄 (ながうた, nagauta)
  • 院長 (いんちょう, inchō)
  • 延長 (えんちょう, enchō)
  • 課長 (かちょう, kachō)
  • 会長 (かいちょう, kaichō)
  • 学長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 係長 (かかりちょう, kakarichō)
  • 楽長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 機長 (きちょう, kichō)
  • 組長 (くみちょう, kumichō)
  • 市長 (しちょう, sichō)
  • 社長 (しゃちょう, shachō)
  • 船長 (せんちょう, senchō)
  • 村長 (そんちょう, sonchō)
  • 町長 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 店長 (てんちょう, tenchō)
  • 班長 (はんちょう, hanchō)
  • 番長 (ばんちょう, banchō)
  • 部長 (ぶちょう, buchō)
  • 霊長 (れいちょう, reichō)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

SuffixEdit

(hiragana ちょう, romaji -chō)

  1. head, chief, leader

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune-Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(simplified , Pinyin cháng (chang2), zhǎng (zhang3), zhàng (zhang4), Wade-Giles ch'ang2, chang3, chang4)

CompoundsEdit


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA tsiáng (tsiang2), tsióng (tsiong2), tióng (tiong2), tiông (tiong5), tshiâng (tshiang5), tiòng (tiong3), tiúnn (tiunn2), tn̂g (tng5))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tràng, trường, trướng, trưởng)

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:55