TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(sweet)

Han characterEdit

(radical 186 +11, 20 strokes, cangjie input 土水竹木日 (GEHDA), four-corner 47609, composition)

  1. fragrant, aromatic
  2. distant fragrance

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1429, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44559
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1956, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4425, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+99A8

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (馨), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呼刑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/heŋ/ /xieŋ/ /xeŋ/ /heŋ/ /hɛjŋ/ /xieŋ/ /xɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ xeng › /*qʰˤeŋ/ fragrance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10520 0 /*qʰeːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana かおる, romaji Kaoru)

  1. A unisex given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyeong) (hangeul , revised hyeong, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng, Yale hyeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hinh, hanh, hênh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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