Character U+9999 (香)
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9999
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9998] [U+999A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 186 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木日 (HDA), four-corner 20609, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1428, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44518
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1955, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4423, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9999

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事) - grain () over a mouth (originally ). The large and small seal script forms are more specific about what kind of grain, and uses (glutinous millet) instead of . Bottom is unrelated to , and is instead or .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiaŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /ɕiaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ɕiɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiã⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
Tunxi /ɕiau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕian³³/
Xiangtan /sian³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hœŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hœŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hœŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ⁵⁵/
/hiũ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ²³/
/hio²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋ/
English fragrance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fragrant; fragrance
  2. (of food) aromatic; delicious-smelling
  3. (of eating) enjoyable; (of sleep) sound
  4. popular
  5. perfume
  6. (religion) joss stick; incense   (Classifier: m; )
  7. (figuratively) woman
  8. (dialectal) to kiss

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("fragrant")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

AntonymsEdit

  • (fragrant, fragrance): (chòu)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō)

  1. fragrance
  2. (shogi) lance (abbreviation of 香車)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyang) (hangeul , revised hyang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, Yale hyang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hương, nhang, hồng)

  1. incense
  2. fragrance
  3. odour
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