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U+8072, 聲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8072

[U+8071]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8073]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 128, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 土水尸十 (GESJ), four-corner 47401, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 969, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1420, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2794, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8072

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Qin slip script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*qʰjeŋ
*kʰeːŋʔ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*qʰeːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjeŋ): phonetic  (OC *kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs) + semantic  (ear).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sing1 - literary;
  • seng1 - vernacular.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • seng - literary;
    • siaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l̥]eŋ/
    English sound (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10514
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰjeŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sound; noise; voice (Classifier: c)
      聽到尖叫 / 听到尖叫  ―  Wǒ tīngdào jiānjiào shēng.  ―  I heard someone scream.
      喚醒 / 唤醒  ―  Língshēng jiāng wǒ huànxǐng.  ―  I was roused by the sound of a bell.
      列車逐漸 [MSC, trad.]
      列车逐渐 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ tīng lièchē shēng zhújiàn yuǎn qù. [Pinyin]
      I heard the sound of the train dying away.
      槍炮使群眾驚慌失措 [MSC, trad.]
      枪炮使群众惊慌失措 [MSC, simp.]
      Qiāngpào shēng shǐ qúnzhòng jīnghuāngshīcuò. [Pinyin]
      The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns.
    2. reputation
      /   ―  shēngwàng  ―  popularity
      /   ―  míngshēng  ―  reputation
      /   ―  shēng  ―  reputation
    3. news; messages
    4. tone
      /   ―  shēng  ―  the four tones of Classical and Modern Chinese
    5. to declare; to state
      /   ―  shēngmíng  ―  declaration, statement
      /   ―  shēngchēng  ―  to claim, to declare
      /   ―  shēngtǎo  ―  to denounce
    6. Classifier for sounds.
      槍響 / 枪响  ―  shēng qiāngxiǎng  ―  the sound of a gunshot
      我愛你 / 我爱你  ―  shuō shēng “wǒ ài nǐ”  ―  say "I love you"
      多謝 [Cantonese, trad.]
      多谢 [Cantonese, simp.]
      gong2 seng1 “do1 ze6” dou1 mou5 [Jyutping]
      without saying even "thank you"

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. voice

    ReadingsEdit


    Kanji in this term
    こえ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana こえ, rōmaji koe, historical hiragana こゑ)

    1. Kyūjitai form of : voice

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seong) (hangeul )

    1. voice, sound

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thanh, thiêng, thinh)

    1. voice, sound