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ChineseEdit

 
(to have) pins and needles; tingling; hemp; numb; to bother
bird; lentigo; sparrow
simp. and trad.
(麻雀)
alternative forms 蔴雀 “mahjong”
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

 
麻雀

麻雀

  1. sparrow (any member of the Passer genus)
  2. tree sparrow (Passer montanus)
  3. (dialectal) mahjong

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Burmese: မာကျောက် (ma-kyauk)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
麻雀 (mājan): a round of mahjong
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested around the late Meiji period.

Borrowed from Mandarin 麻將 (májiàng).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is ateji (当て字), from Chinese 麻雀 (literally sparrow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

麻雀 (katakana マージャン, rōmaji mājan)

  1. mahjong

Usage notesEdit

Usually refers exclusively to the Japanese variation, also known as 立直麻雀 (rīchi mājan). See   Japanese Mahjong on Wikipedia.Wikipedia .

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

麻雀 (majak) (hangeul 마작)

  1. Hanja form? of 마작 (mahjong).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

麻雀

  1. Hán tự form of mạt chược (mahjong).