See also: Round and 'round

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɹaʊnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French ront, runt, reont ( > French rond), representing an earlier *rodond, from Latin rotundus or a Vulgar Latin form retundus ( compare Italian rotondo, Provençal redon, Spanish redondo, etc.) The noun developed partly from the adjective and partly from the corresponding French noun rond. Compare the doublet rotund and rotunda.

AdjectiveEdit

round (comparative rounder or more round, superlative roundest or most round)

  1. (physical) Shape.
    1. Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction.
      We sat at a round table to make conversation easier.
    2. Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction.
      The ancient Egyptian demonstrated that the Earth is round, not flat.
    3. Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves.
      Our child's bed has round corners for safety.
    4. Plump.
      • 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 2, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, →ISBN:
        If I close my eyes I can see Marie today as I saw her then. Round, rosy face, snub nose, dark hair piled up in a chignon.
  2. Complete, whole, not lacking.
    The baker sold us a round dozen.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alfred, Lord Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Round was their pace at first, but slackened soon.
  3. (of a number) Convenient for rounding other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
    One hundred is a nice round number.
  4. (Phonetics) Pronounced with the lips drawn together; rounded.
    • 1959, Anthony Burgess, Beds in the East (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 421:
      "Supposing somebody sees you, with all those flowers too? Supposing somebody writes him a letter? Ooooh!" (a pure round open Tamil O.)
  5. Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; not mincing.
    a round answer; a round oath
    • (Can we date this quote by Matthew Arnold and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the round assertion
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act 2, scene 3
      Sir Toby, I must be round with you.
  6. Finished; polished; not defective or abrupt; said of authors or their writing style.
    • (Can we date this quote by Henry Peacham and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      In his satires Horace is quick, round, and pleasant.
  7. Consistent; fair; just; applied to conduct.
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Round dealing is the honour of man's nature.
  8. Large in magnitude.
    a round sum
    • 1854, Brillat-Savarin, The Physiology of Taste: Or, Transcendental Gastronomy[1], page 108:
      By raising turkeys the farmers were able the more surely to pay their rents. Young girls often acquired a very sufficient dowry, and towns-folk who wished to eat them had to pay round prices for them.
  9. (authorship, of a fictional character) Well-written and well-characterized; complex and reminiscent of a real person.
    Antonym: flat
  10. (architecture) Vaulted.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

round (plural rounds)

  1. A circular or spherical object or part of an object.
  2. A circular or repetitious route.
    hospital rounds
    The guards have started their rounds; the prisoner should be caught soon.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 15, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Edward Churchill still attended to his work in a hopeless mechanical manner like a sleep-walker who walks safely on a well-known round. But his Roman collar galled him, his cossack stifled him, his biretta was as uncomfortable as a merry-andrew's cap and bells.
  3. A general outburst from a group of people at an event.
    The candidate got a round of applause after every sentence or two.
  4. A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time.
  5. A serving of something; a portion of something to each person in a group.
    They brought us a round of drinks about every thirty minutes.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Charles Dickens, Dombey and Son
      There is a snaky gleam in her hard grey eye, as of anticipated rounds of buttered toast, relays of hot chops, worryings and quellings of young children, sharp snappings at poor Berry, and all the other delights of her Ogress's castle.
  6. A single individual portion or dose of medicine.
    • 2009, Patrick Condon, "Boy with cancer, mom return home", Associated Press, printed in Austin American-Statesman, 2009 May 26, page A4:
      Daniel underwent one round of chemotherapy in February but stopped after that single treatment, citing religious beliefs.
  7. One sandwich (two full slices of bread with filling).
  8. (art) A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting.
  9. A firearm cartridge, bullet, or any individual ammunition projectile. Originally referring to the spherical projectile ball of a smoothbore firearm. Compare round shot and solid shot.
  10. (sports) One of the specified pre-determined segments of the total time of a sport event, such as a boxing or wrestling match, during which contestants compete before being signaled to stop.
    • April 19 2002, Scott Tobias, AV Club Fightville[2]
      And though Fightville, an MMA documentary from the directors of the fine Iraq War doc Gunner Palace, presents it more than fairly, the sight of a makeshift ring getting constructed on a Louisiana rodeo ground does little to shake the label. Nor do the shots of ringside assistants with spray bottles and rags, mopping up the blood between rounds
  11. (sports) A stage in a competition.
    qualifying rounds of the championship
  12. (sports) In some sports, e.g. golf or showjumping: one complete way around the course.
  13. (video games) A stage or level of a game.
    • 1981, Tom Hirschfeld, How to master the video games, page 88:
      When the player uses one shell to complete a round within 50 seconds, it vanishes forever. At the end of two successful rounds, for instance, the player has only two shells to pick from during docking.
  14. (engineering, drafting, CAD) A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to soften sharp edges.
  15. A strip of material with a circular face that covers an edge, gap, or crevice for decorative, sanitary, or security purposes.
    All furniture in the nursery had rounds on the edges and in the crevices.
  16. (butchery) The hindquarters of a bovine.
  17. (dated) A rung, as of a ladder.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      All the rounds like Jacob's ladder rise.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 8
      The perpendicular parts of this side ladder, as is usually the case with swinging ones, were of cloth-covered rope, only the rounds were of wood, so that at every step there was a joint.
  18. A crosspiece that joins and braces the legs of a chair.
  19. A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution.
    the round of the seasons;  a round of pleasures
  20. A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.
    • (Can we date this quote by George Granville, 1st Baron Lansdowne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Women to cards may be compared: we play / A round or two; which used, we throw away.
    • (Can we date this quote by Matthew Prior and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The feast was served; the bowl was crowned; / To the king's pleasure went the mirthful round.
  21. A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Keble and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the trivial round, the common task
  22. A circular dance.
  23. Rotation, as in office; succession.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holyday to this entry?)
  24. A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once.
  25. An assembly; a group; a circle.
    a round of politicians
  26. A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.
  27. (archaic) A vessel filled, as for drinking.
  28. (nautical) A round-top.
  29. A round of beef.
SynonymsEdit
  • (song with each subset starting at a different time): canon
  • (hindquarters of a bovine): rump
AntonymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
  • (song with each subset starting at a different time): catch
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

PrepositionEdit

round

  1. (rare in US) Alternative form of around
    I look round the room quickly to make sure it's neat.
    • (Can we date this quote by Cowper and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The serpent Error twines round human hearts.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

round (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of around
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Walter Scott and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The invitations were sent round accordingly.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

round (third-person singular simple present rounds, present participle rounding, simple past and past participle rounded)

  1. (transitive) To shape something into a curve.
    The carpenter rounded the edges of the table.
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Worms with many feet, which round themselves into balls, are bred chiefly under logs of timber.
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The figures on our modern medals are raised and rounded to a very great perfection.
  2. (intransitive) To become shaped into a curve.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      The girl's figure, he perceived, was admirably proportioned; she was evidently at the period when the angles of childhood were rounding into the promising curves of adolescence.
  3. (with "out") To finish; to complete; to fill out.
    She rounded out her education with only a single mathematics class.
  4. (intransitive) To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number.
    Ninety-five rounds up to one hundred.
  5. (transitive) To turn past a boundary.
    Helen watched him until he rounded the corner.
  6. (intransitive) To turn and attack someone or something (used with on).
    As a group of policemen went past him, one of them rounded on him, grabbing him by the arm.
  7. (transitive, baseball) To advance to home plate.
    And the runners round the bases on the double by Jones.
  8. (transitive) To go round, pass, go past.
    • 2011 March 2, Andy Campbell, “Celtic 1 - 0 Rangers”, in BBC[3]:
      Diouf rounded Zaluska near the byeline and crossed but Daniel Majstorovic headed away and Celtic eventually mopped up the danger.
  9. To encircle; to encompass.
    Synonym: surround
  10. To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection.
    • c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
      The queen your mother rounds apace.
    • (Can we date this quote by Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      So rounds he to a separate mind, / From whence clear memory may begin.
  11. (medicine, colloquial) To do ward rounds.
  12. (obsolete, intransitive) To go round, as a guard; to make the rounds.
    • (Can we date this quote by Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      They [] nightly rounding walk.
  13. (obsolete, intransitive) To go or turn round; to wheel about.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English rounen, from Old English rūnian (to whisper, talk low, talk secrets, consipre, talk secretly), from Proto-Germanic *rūnōną (to talk secrets, whisper, decide), *raunijaną (to investigate, examine, prove), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)rewə-, *(e)rwō- (to trace, find out, look out). Cognate with Scots roun (to converse with in whispers, speak privately), Middle Low German rūnen (to whisper), Middle Dutch ruinen (to whisper), German raunen (to whisper, murmur), Old English rūn (whisper, secret, mystery), Swedish röna (to meet with, experience). More at rune.

VerbEdit

round (third-person singular simple present rounds, present participle rounding, simple past and past participle rounded)

  1. (intransitive, archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel.
  2. (transitive, archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To address or speak to in a whisper, utter in a whisper.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)
    • (Can we date this quote by Calderwood and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The Bishop of Glasgow rounding in his ear, "Ye are not a wise man," [] he rounded likewise to the bishop, and said, "Wherefore brought ye me here?"
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, I.2.4.IV:
      Tiberius the emperor [] perceiving a fellow round a dead corse in the ear, would needs know wherefore he did so []

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English roun, from Old English rūn (whisper, secret, mystery), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō, *raunō (a whisper, secret, secret sign), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)rewə-, *(e)rwō- (to trace, find out, look out). Cognate with Scots roun, round (a whisper, secret story), German raunen (to whisper, say secretly), Swedish rön (findings, observations, experience).

NounEdit

round (plural rounds)

  1. (archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A whisper; whispering.
  2. (archaic or dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Discourse; song.

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English round.

NounEdit

round m (invariable)

  1. (sports) round
  2. round (session or series)

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English round.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

round m (plural rounds)

  1. (martial arts) round (segment of a fight)
    Synonym: assalto
  2. (figuratively) a stage of a dispute, confrontation or other difficult endeavour

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English round.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈraund/, [ˈrãũ̯n̪d̪]

NounEdit

round m (plural rounds)

  1. (martial arts) round