See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
麻-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
麻-bronze.svg 麻-bigseal.svg 麻-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a representation of hemp leaves.



Han characterEdit

(radical 200 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD) or 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. hemp, jute, flax
  2. numb
  3. sesame
  4. pock, pockmark

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɣa/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɯa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ma/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨ/
Li
Rong
/ma/
Wang
Li
/ma/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ma/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˤraj/
English hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8694
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːl/

NounEdit

  1. hemp

AdjectiveEdit

  1. numb
    麻痺麻痹 (mábì)
  2. (of foods) numbingly spicy
    麻辣 (málà)

CompoundsEdit

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji Asa)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese (wo).[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. hemp
Usage notesEdit

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(, hemp).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (c. 800) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X, published 1979

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ma)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ma, McCune-Reischauer: ma, Yale: ma)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ma, , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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