TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
麻-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
麻-bronze.svg 麻-bigseal.svg 麻-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 200 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD) or 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. hemp, jute, flax
  2. numb
  3. sesame
  4. pock, pockmark

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (麻), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫霞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣa/ /ma/ /ma/ /mɯa/ /maɨ/ /ma/ /ma/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹  › /*C.mˤraj/ hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8694 1 /*mraːl/

NounEdit

  1. hemp

AdjectiveEdit

  1. numb
    麻痺麻痹
  2. (of foods) numbingly spicy
    麻辣

CompoundsEdit

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #8114”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji Asa)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese (wo).[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. hemp
Usage notesEdit

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(, hemp).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 1979 [c. 800], Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X:

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ma)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ma, McCune-Reischauer: ma, Yale: ma)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ma, , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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