Last modified on 26 March 2015, at 19:41

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
麻-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 200 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD), 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. hemp, jute, flax
  2. numb
  3. sesame
  4. pock, pockmark

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (麻), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫霞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣa/ /ma/ /ma/ /mɯa/ /maɨ/ /ma/ /ma/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹  › /*C.mˤraj/ hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8694 1 /*mraːl/

CompoundsEdit

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hemp radical

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 麻薬
  • 大麻
  • 胡麻 (ごま, goma, sesame)
  • 麻布 Azabu an up-market area in Minato, Tokyo, Japan,

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あさ, romaji Asa)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3Edit

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. Hemp.
Usage notesEdit

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4Edit

From Sinitic .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

ReferencesEdit

  • 1979 [c. 800], Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X:

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ma)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ma, McCune-Reischauer: ma, Yale: ma)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ma, , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.