See also: , , , and
U+9EBB, 麻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EBB

[U+9EBA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EBC]
U+2FC7, ⿇
KANGXI RADICAL HEMP

[U+2FC6]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FC8]
麻 U+2FA15, 麻
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2FA15
𪊑
[U+2FA14]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 䵖
[U+2FA16]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 200, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD) or 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition 广(GJV) or 广𣏟(HTK))

  1. Kangxi radical #200, .

Derived characters edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + 𣏟: a representation of hemp leaves.

Etymology edit

Etymology not clear, however PKS *Ɂŋra¹ ‘sesame’ looks remotely similar to OC.

Pronunciation edit


Note: muài - vernacular, mà - literary.
Note: môa, bâ - vernacular, mâ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter mae
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ma/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨ/
Li
Rong
/ma/
Wang
Li
/ma/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ma/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
maa4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˁraj/
English hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8694
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːl/

Definitions edit

  1. general name for hemp, flax, jute, etc.
      ―    ―  hemp; cannabis
      ―  huáng  ―  jute
      ―    ―  flax
  2. hemp fibre; linen
      ―    ―  sackcloth; linen
      ―  shéng  ―  hemp rope
  3. (historical, obsolete) hemp band worn on the head or waist by a mourner
  4. mourning garment; mourning apparel
    戴孝  ―  dàixiào  ―  to wear the hemp garments of mourning
  5. (historical) imperial edict
  6. Short for 芝麻 (zhīma, “sesame”).
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
  7. numerous; chaotic
  8. coarse; rough
  9. spotty; pitted
      ―  què  ―  sparrow
  10. (traditional Chinese medicine) Short for 麻疹 (mázhěn, “measles”).
  11. pockmark; pock
      ―    ―  pockmark; pockmarked person
      ―  liǎn  ―  pockmarked face
  12. numb; senseless
      ―    ―  paralysis
      ―  yào  ―  anesthetic
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ de tuǐ dōu zuò le. [Pinyin]
    My legs have gone numb while sitting.
  13. (of foods) having the taste like one of Sichuan pepper
      ―    ―  Sichuan pepper-y and spicy
    舌頭舌头  ―  shétóu fā  ―  to have a tingling tongue
  14. a surname

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

麻󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
麻󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Likely cognate with Korean (sam, hemp).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(あさ) (asa

  1. hemp
  2. flax
  3. linen
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

(あさ) (Asa

  1. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese (wo).[4]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (o (wo)?

  1. the hemp or ramie plant
  2. thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (so

  1. hemp
Usage notes edit

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan’yōon

From Middle Chinese (MC mae, “hemp”).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (ma

  1. hemp (plant)
  2. the bark of the hemp plant
  3. thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber, used in the past for mourning clothes in China
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 2428 (paper), page 1266 (digital)
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  4. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (c. 800) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun (sam ma))

  1. Hanja form? of (hemp, jute, flax).
  2. Hanja form? of (sesame).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ma, ,

  1. chữ Hán form of ma (hemp, jute; sesame).

Compounds edit