U+B2F4, 담
HANGUL SYLLABLE DAM
Composition: + +

[U+B2F3]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B2F5]




니 ←→ 대

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

First attested in the Hunminjeong'eum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 담〮 (Yale: tám).

Possibly ultimately borrowed from Turkic language, compare Old Turkic𐱃𐰢(tam, wall); under the discredited Altaic hypothesis, these are considered cognates instead.

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dam
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dam
McCune–Reischauer?tam
Yale Romanization?tam

Noun edit

(dam)

  1. wall
    Synonym: 담장(牆) (damjang)
Usage notes edit
  • Generally, (dam) is a wall not connected to a roof or floor and standing alone (e.g. around private property), and 벽(壁) (byeok) is a wall connected to a roof or otherwise part of a larger complex (e.g. walls of a house).
Derived terms edit
  • 담쌓다 (damssata, “to sever the companionship, break (with a person)”)
  • 담장 (, damjang)

Etymology 2 edit

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ta̠(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dam
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dam
McCune–Reischauer?tam
Yale Romanization?tām

Noun edit

(dam) (hanja )

  1. phlegm
    Synonym: 가래 (garae)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ta̠(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dam
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dam
McCune–Reischauer?tam
Yale Romanization?tām

Noun edit

(dam) (hanja )

  1. courage; nerve
    Synonym: 담력(膽力) (damnyeok)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ta̠(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dam
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dam
McCune–Reischauer?tam
Yale Romanization?tām

Noun edit

(dam)

  1. Alternative form of 다음 (da'eum, next)
    봐요!
    Dame bwayo!
    See you next time!

Etymology 5 edit

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dam
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dam
McCune–Reischauer?tam
Yale Romanization?tam

Suffix edit

—담 (-dam) (hanja )

  1. story, talk, account (of one's experience); -logue
    여행 (旅行)travelogue
    성공 (成功)success story
Derived terms edit