See also: -대

(see above for the verbal suffix)

U+B300, 대
HANGUL SYLLABLE DAE
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:e-o

[U+B2FF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B301]

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from (big, great), from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: tay).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tɛ(ː)] ~ [te̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tāy

NounEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. something large; something great
    Antonym: 소(小) (so)
  2. (in particular) large (out of a set of two or three things, e.g. portion sizes at a restaurant)
    Synonym: 대(大)짜 (daejja)
    Coordinate terms: 중(中) (jung, medium), 소(小) (so, small)
  3. (only in university names) Short for 대학교(大學校) (daehakgyo, university).
    Coordinate terms: 고(高) (go, high school), 중(中) (jung, middle school), 초(初) (cho, elementary school)
    서울seouldaeSeoul National University
Usage notesEdit
  • Often written in hanja (especially in restaurant menus, news headlines referring to universities, etc.), even in a contemporary text otherwise devoid of Chinese characters.
Derived termsEdit

PrefixEdit

대— (dae-) (hanja )

  1. great, mega-
    Antonym: 소(小) (so)
Usage notesEdit

SuffixEdit

—대 (-dae) (hanja )

  1. Attached to Sino-Korean numerals to denote a grouping of that number which is best in quality, importance, or gravity.
    세계 7 불가사의segye 7-dae bulgasauiSeven Wonders of the World
    중국 4 미녀jungguk 4-dae minyeoFour Beauties of China
    3 문제점3dae munjejeomthree major problems

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean  (Yale: tay).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tay

NounEdit

(dae)

  1. stalk (of herbaceous plants; especially of tall grasses like maize or sugarcane)
    Synonym: 줄기 (julgi)
  2. pole; long stick
  3. (idiomatic) resolve, determination
    가 곧다dae-ga gotdato have resolve (literally, “the stalk is straight”)
    가 세다dae-ga sedato be stubborn (literally, “the stalk is strong”)

CounterEdit

(dae)

  1. Used to count long, stick-like objects, such as arrows, rib bones, and cigarettes.
  2. Used to count the number of times one has been hit, whipped, or stabbed.
    Synonym: (for punches) (bang)
  3. Used to count the number of times one has had a medical injection.
    Synonym: (bang)

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (to replace; generation), from the Middle Korean reading ᄃᆡ〯 (Yale: tǒy).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tɛ(ː)] ~ [te̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tāy

NounEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. generation (in a family, a dynasty, a descent group)
    증손자 jeungsonja daegreat-grandchildren's generation
    이어 내려온 전통dae-reul ieo naeryeo-on jeontonga tradition which has passed down the generations
  2. (after an attributing monarch or period) reign, period, era
    조선 Joseon daeJoseon era
    태종 Taejong daethe reign of Taejong
  3. (geology) era

PrefixEdit

대— (dae-) (hanja )

  1. replacement
    (dae) + ‎ (ttal, jerking off, masturbation) → ‎대딸 (daettal, handjob)

SuffixEdit

—대 (-dae) (hanja )

  1. (after a Sino-Korean multiple of ten) people in their...
    20isip-daepeople in their twenties
    5·60oryuksip-daepeople in their fifties and sixties
  2. (after a Sino-Korean number) -th; of ancestors or political leaders
    4 봉사하다sa-dae-reul bongsahadato perform rites for the ancestors up to the fourth generation
    10 대통령je-sip-dae daetongnyeongthe tenth president

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading ᄃᆡ〯 (Yale: tǒy).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tɛ(ː)] ~ [te̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tāy

NounEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. pair
  2. contrasting pair
    이룬다.Eum-gwa yang-'eun dae-reul irunda.Yin and yang form a contrasting pair.
  3. (between two nouns) versus, V.S.
    남한 북한namhan dae bukhanSouth Korea versus North Korea
    남자 여자namja dae yeojamen versus women

RootEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. Root of 대하다 (daehada, “to face; to be about”). Rarely used alone.

PrefixEdit

대— (dae-) (hanja )

  1. to, towards
    국민 사과dae-gungmin sagwaapology to the nation
  2. against, opposing
    미국 이란 정책Migug-ui dae-Iran jeongchaekthe Iranian policy of the United States
    중국 전략Junggug-ui dae-Mi jeollyakChina's American strategy

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tay

NounEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. platform

CounterEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. Used to count machinery, including automobiles.

SuffixEdit

—대 (-dae) (hanja )

  1. (after a number) in the... s
    수십susib-eok-daein the billions

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean  (Yale: *tay).

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 대〮 (Yale: táy).

Usually connected to Proto-Japonic *takay (bamboo), whence Japanese (たけ) (take).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tay

NounEdit

(dae)

  1. (uncommon in isolation) bamboo
    Synonym: (much more common) 대나무 (daenamu)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from (group; army unit).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tɛ(ː)] ~ [te̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dae
McCune–Reischauer?tae
Yale Romanization?tāy

NounEdit

(dae) (hanja )

  1. (military) army unit (of smaller size, from squad to regiment)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(dae)

Extended content
  1. : big
    (eumhun reading: (keul dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dɑiH, dɑH))
  2. : respond
    (eumhun reading: 대답할 (daedaphal dae))
    (MC reading: (MC tuʌiH))
  3. : replace
    (eumhun reading: 대신할 (daesinhal dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiH))
  4. : belt
    (eumhun reading: (tti dae))
    (MC reading: (MC tɑiH))
  5. : platform
    (eumhun reading: 돈대 (dondae dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌi))
  6. : crowd
    (eumhun reading: (tte dae))
    (MC reading: (MC duʌiH))
  7. : wait
    (eumhun reading: 기다릴 (gidaril dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiX))
  8. : borrow, lend
    (eumhun reading: 빌릴 (billil dae))
    (MC reading: (MC tʰʌiH))
  9. : site of house
    (eumhun reading: (teo dae))
    (MC reading: )
  10. : pouch
    (eumhun reading: 자루 (jaru dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiH))
  11. : carry on the head
    (eumhun reading: (il dae))
    (MC reading: (MC tʌiH))
  12. : Mount Dai
    (eumhun reading: 대산 (daesan dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiH))
  13. : lift
    (eumhun reading: (deul dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌi))
  14. : hawksbill sea turtle
    (eumhun reading: 대모 (daemo dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiH, duok̚))
  15. : pigment used to paint eyebrows
    (eumhun reading: 눈썹 (nunsseommeok dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌiH))
  16. : servant
    (eumhun reading: 하인 (hain dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dʌi, tʰʌiH))
  17. : resent
    (eumhun reading: 원망할 (wonmanghal dae))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiuɪH))
  18. : sunlight
    (eumhun reading: 햇빛 (haetbit dae))
    (MC reading: )
  19. : rinse and wash
    (eumhun reading: (il dae))
    (MC reading: (MC dɑiH, tʰɑt̚))
  20. : pestle
    (eumhun reading: 방아 (bang'a dae))
    (MC reading: (MC tuʌiH))
  21. : spear sheath
    (eumhun reading: 창고달 (changgodal dae))
    (MC reading: (MC duʌiH))