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See also:
U+81BD, 膽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BD

[U+81BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月弓金口 (BNCR), four-corner 77261, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 995, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+81BD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
toːm, *taːm, *taːms
taːm, *taːms
ʔl'aːm
taːm
taːmʔ
taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
daːmʔ, *daːms
tjam
tjam
tjam, *djam
tjam
tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
tʰjam, *tʰjams
tʰjam, *tʰjams
tʰjams
djams
lam
lam
tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːmʔ): semantic  (body part) + phonetic  (OC *tjam).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • táⁿ - vernacular;
  • tám - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tamX/
Li
Rong
/tɑmX/
Wang
Li
/tɑmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tamX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˤamʔ/
English gall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16751
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) gallbladder
    /   ―  dǎnnáng  ―  gall bladder
  2. (figuratively) guts; courage; bravery; strength
    /   ―  dǎn  ―  bold
    / [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 daam2 gwai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coward
  3. inner container; liner (of a thermos); bladder (of a ball)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đảm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.