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See also:
U+81BD, 膽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BD

[U+81BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月弓金口 (BNCR), four-corner 77261, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 995, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+81BD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
膽 (臟腑) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Gallbladder (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːm, *taːm, *taːms
*taːm, *taːms
*ʔl'aːm
*taːm
*taːmʔ
*taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
*daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
*daːmʔ, *daːms
*tjam
*tjam
*tjam, *djam
*tjam
*tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjams
*djams
*lam
*lam
*tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːmʔ): semantic  (body part) + phonetic  (OC *tjam).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • táⁿ - vernacular;
  • tám - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (143)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tamX/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tamX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t]ˤamʔ/
    English gall

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16751
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːmʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) gallbladder
      /   ―  dǎnnáng  ―  gall bladder
    2. (figuratively) guts; courage; bravery; strength
      /   ―  dǎn  ―  bold
      / [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 daam2 gwai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coward
    3. inner container; liner (of a thermos); bladder (of a ball)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune–Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đảm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.