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See also:
U+81BD, 膽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81BD

[U+81BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81BE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月弓金口 (BNCR), four-corner 77261, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 995, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+81BD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
膽 (臟腑) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Gallbladder (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːm, *taːm, *taːms
*taːm, *taːms
*ʔl'aːm
*taːm
*taːmʔ
*taːmʔ, *tjamʔ
*daːm, *daːmʔ, *daːms
*daːmʔ, *daːms
*tjam
*tjam
*tjam, *djam
*tjam
*tjam, *daːb, *tjaːb
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjam, *tʰjams
*tʰjams
*djams
*lam
*lam
*tʰeːm, *tʰeːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːmʔ): semantic  (body part) + phonetic  (OC *tjam).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • táⁿ - vernacular;
  • tám - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tamX/
Li
Rong
/tɑmX/
Wang
Li
/tɑmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tamX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˤamʔ/
English gall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16751
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) gallbladder
    /   ―  dǎnnáng  ―  gall bladder
  2. (figuratively) guts; courage; bravery; strength
    /   ―  dǎn  ―  bold
    / [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 daam2 gwai2 [Jyutping]  ―  coward
  3. inner container; liner (of a thermos); bladder (of a ball)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đảm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.