-янка

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -а́нка (-ánka)after a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) or ц

EtymologyEdit

Originally from -ка (-ka) added to adjectives ending in -яный (-janyj) or -яно́й (-janój); later extracted out as its own suffix.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-я́нка (-jánkaf inan or f anim

  1. suffix appended to nouns to form related nouns of various sorts, both animate and inanimate, generally referring to more specific objects than the base lemma, often plants or animals
    весна́ (vesná, spring) + ‎-я́нка (-jánka) → ‎весня́нка (vesnjánka, spring song; stonefly)
    медь (medʹ, copper) + ‎-я́нка (-jánka) → ‎медя́нка (medjánka, grass snake; verdigris)
    роса́ (rosá, dew) + ‎-я́нка (-jánka) → ‎рося́нка (rosjánka, sundew)
    де́рево (dérevo, tree) + ‎-я́нка (-jánka) → ‎деревя́нка (derevjánka, common tormentil)
    стекло́ (stekló, glass) (dialectal скло (sklo)) + ‎-я́нка (-jánka) → ‎скля́нка (skljánka, vial, bottle)

Usage notesEdit

Note the following properties:

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit