Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit -क (-ka). Doublet of -आ ().

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kə/, [kɐ]

Suffix edit

-क (-kam

  1. (productive only with Sanskrit loans) a diminutive masculine nominal suffix

Derived terms edit

Konkani edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix edit

-क (-k) (Latin script -k, Kannada script -ಕ)

  1. marks the accusative/dative case

Usage notes edit

Always appended to the oblique stem of the noun.

भाचो (bhātsô) + ‎-क (-ka) → ‎भाच्याक (bhātsyāk)

Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Cognate with Proto-Slavic *-ъka.

Suffix edit

-क (-kam

  1. a diminutive masculine nominal suffix
    शश (śaśa, hare) + ‎-क (-ka) → ‎शशक (śaśaka, rabbit”; literally, little hare)
Declension edit
Masculine a-stem declension of -क (-ka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -कः
-kaḥ
-कौ / -का¹
-kau / -kā¹
-काः / -कासः¹
-kāḥ / -kāsaḥ¹
Vocative -क
-ka
-कौ / -का¹
-kau / -kā¹
-काः / -कासः¹
-kāḥ / -kāsaḥ¹
Accusative -कम्
-kam
-कौ / -का¹
-kau / -kā¹
-कान्
-kān
Instrumental -केन
-kena
-काभ्याम्
-kābhyām
-कैः / -केभिः¹
-kaiḥ / -kebhiḥ¹
Dative -काय
-kāya
-काभ्याम्
-kābhyām
-केभ्यः
-kebhyaḥ
Ablative -कात्
-kāt
-काभ्याम्
-kābhyām
-केभ्यः
-kebhyaḥ
Genitive -कस्य
-kasya
-कयोः
-kayoḥ
-कानाम्
-kānām
Locative -के
-ke
-कयोः
-kayoḥ
-केषु
-keṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Descendants edit
  • Hindi: -क (-ka)

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Indo-Iranian *-kas. Doublet of -अक (-aka) and -इक (-ika).

Suffix edit

-क (-kam

  1. Forms doer/maker nouns from other nouns
    फेन (phena, foam) + ‎-क (-ka) → ‎फेनक (phenaka, soap”; literally, foam-maker)