See also: Soap and SOAP

English

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Bars of soap

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Etymology 1

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From Middle English sope, sape, from Old English sāpe (soap, salve), from Proto-West Germanic *saipā, from Proto-Germanic *saipǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *seyb-, *seyp- (to pour out, drip, trickle, strain).

Cognate with Scots saip, sape (soap), Saterland Frisian Seepe (soap), West Frisian sjippe (soap), Dutch zeep (soap), German Low German Seep (soap), German Seife (soap), Danish sæbe (soap), Swedish såpa (soap), Norwegian Bokmål såpe (soap), Norwegian Nynorsk såpe (soap), Faroese sápa (soap), Icelandic sápa (soap). Related also to Old English sāp (amber, resin, pomade, unguent), Latin sēbum (tallow, fat, grease). See seep. Latin sāpō (soap) is a borrowing from the Germanic.

Noun

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soap (countable and uncountable, plural soaps)

  1. (chemistry) A metallic salt derived from a fatty acid, commonly used in cleaning products.
  2. (countable, uncountable, informal, by extension) Some other substance, often a detergent or another surfactant, able to mix with both oil and water, used for cleaning.
    I tried washing my hands with soap, but the stain wouldn't go away.
  3. (slang) Money, specially when used as a bribe.
  4. (countable, informal) A soap opera.
  5. (countable) A solid masonry unit or brick reduced in depth or height from standard dimensions.
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Verb

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soap (third-person singular simple present soaps, present participle soaping, simple past and past participle soaped)

  1. (transitive) To apply soap to in washing.
    Be sure to soap yourself well before rinsing.
  2. (transitive, informal) To cover, lather, or in any other manner treat with soap, often as a prank.
    Those kids soaped my windows!
  3. (transitive, informal) To be discreet about (a topic).
    Synonyms: soft-soap, soft-pedal, sugar soap, downplay
  4. (slang, dated) To flatter; to wheedle.
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Etymology 2

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Probably an abbreviation of sodium pentothal.

Noun

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soap (uncountable)

  1. (slang) thiopental (sodium pentothal)
    • 2013, John Gardner, James Bond: The John Gardner Years:
      'Time? Doesn't have much meaning when they're trying to dry you out. I rather think they gave me a shot of soap at one point.' Soap is intelligence speak for sodium pentathol.

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Dutch

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English soap. Doublet of zeep.

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Noun

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soap f (plural soaps, diminutive soapje n)

  1. soap opera

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English soap.

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Noun

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soap m (plural soaps)

  1. soap opera

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