-거든

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Cited by Vovin as equivalent to Old Korean (as for that which was...), but could not find primary source citations”

From Middle Korean 거든〮 (Yale: -ketún).

SuffixEdit

거든 (-geodeun)

  1. (somewhat formal) if; provided (that)
    Synonym: 으면 (-eumyeon)
    시간 거든 같이 영화 보러 갑시다.
    Sigan-i it-geodeun gachi yeonghwa boreo gapsida.
    If you have time, let's go to the movies together.
  2. (literary) given that; especially used in rhetorical questions
    Synonym: 는데 (-neunde)
    익으면 고개 숙이거든 어찌 그리 오만방자하냐?
    Byeo-do igeumyeon gogae-reul sugi-geodeun neo-neun eojji geuri omanbangja-hanya?
    Given that even rice plants bend their heads as they ripen, how can you be so conceited and arrogant?
  3. In the intimate style, a declarative ending explaining a reason.
    내일 일요일거든.
    Naeir-i iryoir-i-geodeun-yo.
    It's because tomorrow is Sunday.