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Appendix:Hungarian prefixes

Co-VerbsEdit

Hungarian verbal prefixes often function as bound morphemes. They are more precisely referred to as verb particles or co-verbs which change the meaning or aspect of a verb.

  • When fel- indicating an "upward motion" is used with hív "to call" it produces felhív denoting to "call up someone"
Felhívod Mártát? - Are you going to call Marta?

In a number of syntactical settings related to focus and emphasis, co-verbs get separated from the verb and are placed either before or after it within the sentence. Some examples of grammatical setting of co-verb displacement are:

  • The verb is preceded by an interrogative:
Mikor hívod fel Mártát? - When are you going to call Marta?
  • Simple negation of the verb:
Nem hívod fel Mártát? - Aren't you calling Marta?
  • In the use of the imperative:
Hívd fel Mártát! - You must call Marta!
  • In some infinitive constructions:
Fel kell hívni Mártát. - It is necessary to call Marta.

Another example: meg- adds a perfective aspect to the verb modifying its meaning to indicate that the action of the verb has or will proceed until its ultimate conclusion.

AEdit

BEdit

EEdit

FEdit

HEdit

IEdit

JEdit

KEdit

LEdit

MEdit

NEdit

OEdit

ÖEdit

REdit

SzEdit

TEdit

ÚEdit

VEdit