See also: anti, Anti, and antî-

English edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against). Doublet of and- and ante-.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈænˌti/, /ˈæn.tɪ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæn.ti/, /ˈænˌtaɪ/, /ˈæn.tə/
  • (file)

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. Against, opposed to.
    Synonym: counter-
    Antonym: pro-
    anti- + ‎abortion → ‎antiabortion
    anti- + ‎racism → ‎antiracism
  2. Counteracting, neutralizing.
    Synonym: counter-
    anti- + ‎aircraft → ‎antiaircraft
    anti- + ‎freeze → ‎antifreeze
    anti- + ‎bacterial → ‎antibacterial
  3. The opposite of what is typically expected.
    anti- + ‎hero → ‎antihero (a protagonist who acts in an unheroic manner)
    anti- + ‎climax → ‎anticlimax (a failed or reverse climax)
    anti- + ‎chess → ‎antichess (a variant of chess where the goal is to lose all of one's pieces)
  4. Physically opposite, reverse in position or direction.
    anti- + ‎clockwise → ‎anticlockwise
    anti- + ‎Arctic → ‎Antarctic
  5. A rival or counterpart to.
    anti- + ‎pope → ‎antipope (a person who claims to be the real pope)
    anti- + ‎Christ → ‎Antichrist
  6. (particle physics) Composed of antimatter.
    anti- + ‎electron → ‎antielectron
    anti- + ‎galaxy → ‎antigalaxy
  7. (immunology) Reacting with immunoglobins found in the specified animal.
    anti- + ‎rabbit → ‎antirabbit
    anti- + ‎horse → ‎antihorse

Usage notes edit

  • anti- should not be confused with the prefix ante- of Latin (not Greek) origin meaning “before”. (However, anti- does exist as a variant spelling of ante- in some borrowed words, such as anticipate and antipasto, but this spelling cannot be used to coin English words.)
  • anti- sometimes becomes ant- before words beginning in a vowel, as does ante-: antacid.
  • In British English, the anti- forms are often hyphenated as evidenced by OED's many anti- entries using hyphen. However, the exact convention significantly varies.
  • GPO manual recommends using a hyphen when prefixing capitalized words except when usage dictates otherwise.[1] This is matched by usual practice: anti-American or anti-Christian.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ 6. Compounding Rules in U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual, govinfo.gov

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /anti/ [ãn̪.t̪i]
  • Hyphenation: an‧ti-

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-
    Synonym: proti-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • anti- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Danish edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Indonesian: anti-

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

Derived from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Internationalism (see English anti-), ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑnti-/, [ˈɑ̝n̪t̪i-]

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

From

.

Further reading edit

Garo edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Classifier edit

anti-

  1. classifier for weeks

Synonyms edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against), influenced by Latin borrowings from Greek beginning with anti- (like Antichristus) and German borrowings from Latin or Greek.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒnti]
  • Hyphenation: an‧ti

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English anti-, French anti-, German anti-, Italian anti-, Spanish anti-, Russian анти- (anti-), all ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-, contra-, counter- (for use mainly in scientific terms)
    anti- + ‎toxino (toxin) → ‎antitoxino (antitoxin)

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Malay anti-, from Dutch anti-, from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [anti]
  • Hyphenation: an‧ti

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin ante (before).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-
  2. ante-

Etymology 2 edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-
Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Malay edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch anti-, from Ancient Greek ἀντι- (anti-, against).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti- (Jawi spellingانت⁩)

  1. anti-
    Antonym: pro-
    AntikomunismeAnti-communism
    Anti-AmerikaAnti-America

Usage notes edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-

Derived terms edit

References edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-
  2. (particle physics) anti- (related to antiparticles or antimatter)
  3. (immunology) anti-

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-; against, opposite, protecting against

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

Prefix edit

anti-

  1. anti-; against, opposite, protecting against

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit