EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek παρά (pará, beside; next to, near, from; against, contrary to).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. beside, alongside
    parasite (feed beside), parallel (beside one another), paracapsular (alongside a capsule)
    1. parallel
      paraconformity (parallel conformity), paraxial (parallel to the axis)
  2. between
    paracellular (between cells), paraconule (A conule located between a paracone and a metacone), paradiploid (intermediate between diploid and polyploid)
  3. around, surrounding
    paracortex (surrounding the cortex), paradiapophysis (covering the diapophysis)
    1. covering
      paracolpitis ((outer) covering of inflamed vagina)
  4. adjacent, next to
    paracentral (adjacent to the center), paracaval (adjacent to the vena cava)
  5. near
    paranal (near the anus), parepididymis ((body part) near the epididymis), parethmoid (near the ethmoid bone)
  6. opposite of, on the far side of
    paracavernous (On the far side of the cavernous sinus)
  7. above, over
    paraductal (above the duct), paracoronoid (above the coronoid process), paracondylar (over the condyle)
  8. across, through, throughout
    paracotylar ((extending) across the cotyle), paraesophageal (across the esophagus), paracloacal (through the cloaca), paracostal (through the ribs), paracerebral (throughout the brain)
  9. beyond
    paradox (beyond expectation), paranormal (beyond normal) paraclival (beyond the clivus)
  10. abnormal
    paralgesia (abnormal sensitivity to pain)
  11. incorrect
  12. false
    paradiorthosis (false correction)
  13. resembling
    paramilitary (resembling a military), paramylum (resembling amylum (starch))
  14. unrecognized, unauthorized, or unsanctioned
    parastate (an unrecognized state), parabaptism (unauthorized baptism)
  15. avoiding or avoidant
    parenteral (avoiding the instestines), paraconsistent (avoiding consistency)
  16. (organic chemistry) In isomeric benzene derivatives, having the two substituents in opposite (1,4) positions (compare ortho- and meta-)
    Synonym: p-
  17. related or pertaining to
    paraclinical (relating to things not purely clinical), parabigeminal (related to a pair of organs), parabicanonical (pertaining to a linear system of divisors equivalent to a bicanonical divisor), paracomplex (pertaining to all metric spaces and all CW-complexes)
  18. affecting or concerning lower body
    paranesthesia ( affecting both sides of the lower body), paraballism (ballism affecting both legs)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
terms derived from παρά (above,beyond)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From French para-, from Italian para-, from para, imperative of parare (to defend, shield, shroud), from Latin parō (I prepare).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. (obsolete, not productive) to guard against, to avert, to shield from; to provide protection against, defence from
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
terms related to para-, but not formed in English

Etymology 3Edit

From parachute.

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. parachute.
Derived termsEdit
terms derived from para- (parachute)

Etymology 4Edit

From Paralympic.

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. disability sport
Derived termsEdit
Paralympic sport

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “para-”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

AnagramsEdit


Bikol CentralEdit

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. used in naming any professions

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek παρά- (pará-, beside).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para- (all senses)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Via Italian para-, from parare, from Latin parō (to shield).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para-
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From paralympique (Paralympic).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para- (disability sport)
Derived termsEdit

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English para-French para-Italian para-Spanish para-. Decision no. 105, Progreso III.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. prefix denoting protection against, something to ward off
    para- + ‎pluvo (rain) → ‎parapluvo (umbrella)
    para- + ‎moskito (mosquito) → ‎paramoskito (mosquito net)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Progreso III (in Ido), 1910–1911, pages 169, 465

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • parai- (before a slender consonant)

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek παρα- (para-).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para-

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
para- phara- bpara-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek παρα- (para-).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para- (all senses)

AnagramsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.ra/
  • (file)

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para- (resembling)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • para- in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • para- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek παρα- (para-).

PrefixEdit

para- (Cyrillic spelling пара-)

  1. Para-.
    para- + ‎nàuka (science) → ‎paranauka (parascience)
    para- + ‎nȍrmālno (normally) → ‎paranormalno (paranormal)

ReferencesEdit



SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek παρα- (para-).

PrefixEdit

para-

  1. para-

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit