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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • prae- (archaic, technical, or pedantic)
  • præ- (archaic, technical, or pedantic)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English pre-, borrowed from Latin prae-, from the preposition prae (before).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. Before; physically in front of; (anatomy) anterior.
  2. Before; earlier in time.

Usage notesEdit

  • This prefix is usually prefixed to words without using a hyphen (for example, prefix, predate). A hyphen is used in the following cases:
    • Where excluding a hyphen would be likely to lead to a mispronunciation of the word because "pre" appears not to be a complete syllable (for example, "pre-yaw course", which could be read as "prey aw course" if unhyphenated).
    • Always in British English before the letter e (for example, pre-existing)
    • Often in British English before other vowels (for example, pre-operative);
    • Always in all varieties of English before a character other than a letter (for example, pre-1960).

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prae- (before).

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. Before; used to form words meaning "in front of" or "before".
  2. Before; used to form words meaning superiority or excellence.

Derived termsEdit



IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English pre-, French pré-, Italian pre-, Spanish pre-, Russian пред- (pred-), пре- (pre-)

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived termsEdit



ItalianEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prae

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prae

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prae-.

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. pre- (before)

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin per-, with a few cases influenced by prae.

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. used with verbs to indicate repetition or insistence

Examples: presăra, prelinge. Compare also prevedea, priveghea

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from French pre-, Latin prae-.

  1. pre-

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *per-.

PrefixEdit

pre- (Cyrillic spelling пре-)

  1. Prefix prepended to adjectives and adverbs to denote excess of a feature; too, excessively, over-
    dug / preduglong / overlong
  2. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate an action being done excessively, again or differently; re-, over-
    trpati / pretrpatito stuff / to overstuff
  3. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate change in form, especially through partition
    prepolovitisplit up
  4. Prefix prepended to imperfective verbs to make them perfective; to indicate that the action has been carried out
    Spavat ću u hotelu. Prespavao sam u hotelu.I will sleep in a hotel. I slept (over) in a hotel.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix matches the usage of all mentioned prefixes in English for all adjectives and majority of verbs. When "pre-" may cause confusion or cannot be prefixed to a verb in order to indicate repetition, opet or ponovo ("again" / "anew") followed by the verb construction is used instead, e.g. "redo" would be "ponovno uraditi" ("do again") rather than preraditi ("rework").


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prae- (before), from the preposition prae.

PrefixEdit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived termsEdit