English edit

Alternative forms edit

  • prae-, præ- (archaic, technical, or pedantic)
  • p͛- (abbreviation, obsolete)

Etymology edit

From Middle English pre-, borrowed from Latin prae-, from the preposition prae (before).

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /pɹiː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /pɹi/, /pɹɪ/
  • (file)

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. Before; physically in front of; (anatomy) anterior.
  2. Before; earlier in time; beforehand.

Usage notes edit

  • This prefix is usually prefixed to words without using a hyphen (for example, prefix, predate). A hyphen is used in the following cases:
    • Where excluding a hyphen would be likely to lead to a mispronunciation of the word because "pre" appears not to be a complete syllable (for example, "pre-yaw course", which could be read as "prey aw course" if unhyphenated).
    • Always in British English before the letter e (for example, pre-existing)
    • Often in British English before other vowels (for example, pre-operative);
    • Always in all varieties of English before a character other than a letter (for example, pre-1960).

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae- (before).

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. before; used to form words meaning "in front of" or "before"
  2. before; used to form words meaning superiority or excellence

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae- (before).

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

From

.

Further reading edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English pre-, French pré-, Italian pre-, Spanish pre-, Russian пред- (pred-), пре- (pre-).

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae- (before).

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Prefix edit

prē-

  1. (Medieval Latin) Alternative form of prae-

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae.

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae.

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

References edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • pre- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin prae-.

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre- (before)

Derived terms edit

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin per-, with a few cases influenced by prae. Doublet of prea-.

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. used with verbs to indicate repetition or insistence

Examples: presăra, prelinge. Compare also prevedea, priveghea

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from French pre-, Latin prae-.

  1. pre-

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *per-.

Prefix edit

pre- (Cyrillic spelling пре-)

  1. Prefix prepended to adjectives and adverbs to denote excess of a feature; too, excessively, over-
    dug / preduglong / overlong
  2. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate an action being done excessively, again or differently; re-, over-
    trpati / pretrpatito stuff / to overstuff
  3. Prefix prepended to verbs to indicate change in form, especially through partition
    prepolovitisplit up
  4. Prefix prepended to imperfective verbs to make them perfective; to indicate that the action has been carried out
    Spavat ću u hotelu. Prespavao sam u hotelu.I will sleep in a hotel. I slept (over) in a hotel.

Usage notes edit

The suffix matches the usage of all mentioned prefixes in English for all adjectives and majority of verbs. When "pre-" may cause confusion or cannot be prefixed to a verb in order to indicate repetition, opet or ponovo ("again" / "anew") followed by the verb construction is used instead, e.g. "redo" would be "ponovno uraditi" ("do again") rather than preraditi ("rework").

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *per-.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      pre- + ‎zráčiti (to ventilate) → ‎prezráčiti (to ventilate)
    2. through, across
      pre- + ‎grísti (to bite) → ‎pregrísti (to bite through)
    3. re-, again
      pre- + ‎bȃrvati (to paint) → ‎prebȃrvati (to repaint)
    4. over-, too much
      pre- + ‎plačáti (to pay) → ‎preplačáti (to overpay)
    5. for a certain time
      pre- + ‎sedẹ́ti (to sit) → ‎presedẹ́ti (to sit for a certain time)

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin prae- (before), from the Latin preposition prae.

Prefix edit

pre-

  1. pre-
    Antonyms: post-, pos-

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit