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Alternative forms




From the Hanyu Pinyin romanization of the Mandarin 黑龍江黑龙江 (Hēilóngjiāng).


  • enPR: hāʹlo͝ongʹjē-ängʹ, hāʹlo͝ongʹjyängʹ

Proper noun



  1. A province in northeastern China. Capital: Harbin.
    • 2007 December 24, Shipeng Guo, Benjamin Kang Lim, “China detains farmers urging land privatization”, in Lindsay Beck, Roger Crabb, editors, Reuters[1], archived from the original on 11 March 2023, World News‎[2]:
      Yu Changwu from the northeastern province of Heilongjiang has urged the ruling Communist Party to honor its “revolutionary ideals and pledges” and hand land back to the farmers.
    • 2020 April 29, “China tries to contain new coronavirus outbreak”, in Deutsche Welle[3], archived from the original on 30 April 2020, Asia‎[4]:
      A series of new COVID-19 cases in China's far northeastern Heilongjiang province is raising concern that a second wave of the virus could emerge in the Asian country.
    • 2023 November 23, “China renews alerts for cold waves, strong winds”, in EFE[5], archived from the original on 23 November 2023[6]:
      During this period, minimum temperatures in some parts of Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang could fall to below minus 30 degrees Celsius.
  2. Alternative form of Heilong Jiang
    • 1981 August 18 [1981 August 11], Nengxiong [3769 5174 7160] Wang, “How Did Czarist Russia Carry Out Its Aggression Against China?”, in Daily Report: China[7], volume I, number 159, Foreign Broadcast Information Service, →ISSN, →OCLC, page C 1[8]:
      In 1848, Russian Senior Naval Captain Nevelskoiy and his military transport ship set sail to invade China's Heilongjiang [Amur-river] River estuary and the Sakhalin island. In 1850, Miaojie on the Heilongjiang River estuary was forcibly occupied, turned into a stronghold for aggression and renamed Nikolayevsk after the czar. In April 1853, Czar Nicholas I brazenly ordered the invasion and occupation of China's Sakhalin island.
    • 1982, Bai Shouyi, editor, An Outline History of China[9], 1st edition, Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 487:
      More than 7,000 people of Hailanpao and the sixty-four villages east of the Heilongjiang River were murdered, burned to death or drowned in the river.
    • 2005 November 27, David Lague, “China apologizes to Russia for spill”, in The New York Times[10], →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 12 March 2023, Asia Pacific‎[11]:
      The Songhua is a major tributary of the Heilongjiang River, which crosses the border near the Russian city of Khabarovsk.



See also

Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China in English (layout · text)
Provinces: Anhui · Fujian · Guangdong · Gansu · Guizhou · Henan · Hubei · Hebei · Hainan · Heilongjiang · Hunan · Jilin · Jiangsu · Jiangxi · Liaoning · Qinghai · Sichuan · Shandong · Shaanxi · Shanxi · Taiwan (claimed) · Yunnan · Zhejiang
Autonomous regions: Guangxi · Inner Mongolia · Ningxia · Tibet Autonomous Region · Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing · Tianjin · Shanghai · Chongqing
Special administrative regions: Hong Kong · Macau

Further reading