From a Mandarin term which means "mountains' west", referring to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains.
- Chinese: 山西
- Pinyin: Shānxī
- Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi
- Its one-character abbreviation is Jin (晋 pinyin jìn), after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.
- Chinese Postal Map Romanization: Shansi.
province of China