See also: martin, martîn, Martín, and Martîn

English

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Etymology

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From Middle English Martin, from Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis +‎ -īnus (diminutive suffix). See Mārs for further etymology.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Martin (countable and uncountable, plural Martins)

  1. A male given name from Latin originally given in honor of a fourth century soldier-saint.
    • 1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:
      :Scene 2:
      Expect Saint Martin's summer, halcyon days, / Since I have entered into these wars.
    • 1767 Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy, Book IV ( Slawkenbergius's Tale ):
      Luther was not born in the year 1483, but in 84; and not on the 22nd day of October, but on the 10th of November, the eve of Martinmas day, from whence he had the name of Martin. - - - Now you see, brother Toby, he would say, looking up, "that christian names are not such indifferent things;" - Had Luther here been called by any other name but Martin, he would have been damned to all eternity - Not that I look upon Martin, he would add, as a good name - far from it - 'tis something better than a neutral, and but a little - yet little as it is, you see it was of some service to him.
    • 1933, Eleanor Farjeon, “Boys' Names”, in Over the Garden Wall, Faber and Faber, page 90:
      What splendid names for boys there are! / There's Carol like a rolling car, / And Martin like a flying bird,/
    • 2006, Kate Atkinson, One Good Turn, Black Swan, published 2007, →ISBN, page 81:
      Martin was pretty dull as names went but 'Alex Blake' had a certain dash to it. His publishers hadn't considered Martin's own name to be 'punchy' enough.
  2. A surname
    1. A surname originating as a patronymic.
    2. An English habitational surname from Middle English for someone who lived near a mere.
  3. A placename, including:
    1. A small city, the county seat of Bennett County, South Dakota, United States.
    2. A village in Langdon parish, Dover district, Kent, England (OS grid ref TR3347).

Derived terms

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Translations

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Statistics

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  • According to the 2010 United States Census, Martin is the 20th most common surname in the United States, belonging to 702,625 individuals. Martin is most common among White (74.8%) and Black/African American (15.8%) individuals.

Anagrams

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Albanian

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars) (Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix)).

Proper noun

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Martin (m Martini)

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin (indefinite form)
  2. a male surname from Latin, equivalent to English Martin. (indefinite form)

Derived terms

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Cebuano

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Etymology

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From Spanish Martín, from Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name from Spanish [in turn from Latin], equivalent to English Martin
  2. a surname from Spanish [in turn from Latin]

Czech

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Martin m anim (female equivalent Martina)

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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Martin

  1. possessive of Marta: Marta's
Declension
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Further reading

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  • Martin in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Danish

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin
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References

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  • [1] Danskernes Navne, based on CPR data: 58 178 males with the given name Martin have been registered in Denmark between about 1890 (=the population alive in 1967) and January 2005, with the frequency peak in the 1980s. Accessed on 19 June 2011.

Estonian

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑrtin/, [ˈmɑrtʲin]

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin
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Faroese

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Proper noun

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Martin m

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin

Usage notes

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Patronymics

  • son of Martin: Martinsson
  • daughter of Martin: Martinsdóttir

Declension

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Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Martin
Accusative Martin
Dative Martini
Genitive Martins

Finnish

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Proper noun

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Martin

  1. genitive singular of Martti

Anagrams

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars, from Mars +‎ -īnus (diminutive suffix)).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Martin m

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin. Feminine form: Martine
  2. a surname originating as a patronymic

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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German

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈmarˌtiːn/, [ˈmaʁ-], [ˈmaɐ̯-], [ˈmaː-]
  • IPA(key): /ˈmar.tɪn/ (somewhat less common)

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin

Derived terms

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Proper noun

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Martin m or f (proper noun, surname, masculine genitive Martins or (with an article) Martin, feminine genitive Martin, plural Martins)

  1. a surname originating as a patronymic

Middle English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis +‎ -īnus (diminutive suffix). See Mārs for further etymology.

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name

Descendants

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  • English: Martin
  • Yola: Marteen

References

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Norwegian

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix). First recorded in Norway ca. 1200.

Proper noun

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Martin

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin

Usage notes

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  • The most common given name of men born in Norway in the 1990s.
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References

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  • Kristoffer Kruken - Ola Stemshaug: Norsk personnamnleksikon, Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo 1995, →ISBN
  • [2] Statistisk sentralbyrå, Namnestatistikk: 20 132 males with the given name Martin living in Norway on January 1st 2011, with the frequency peak in the 1990s. Accessed on April 29th, 2011.

Old French

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Proper noun

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Martin m (nominative singular Martins)

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin

Old Galician-Portuguese

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper noun

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Martin m

  1. a male given name

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Martin m anim (genitive singular Martina, nominative plural Martinovia, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin
  2. Martin (a city in Slovakia)

Declension

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Further reading

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  • Martin”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish

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Etymology

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From Latin Mārtīnus (of or like Mars” or “little Mars), Mārs, Mārtis + -īnus (diminutive suffix).

Proper noun

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Martin c (genitive Martins)

  1. a male given name from Latin, equivalent to English Martin
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References

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  • Roland Otterbjörk: Svenska förnamn, Almqvist & Wiksell 1996, →ISBN
  • [3] Statistiska centralbyrån and Sture Allén, Staffan Wåhlin, Förnamnsboken, Norstedts 1995, →ISBN: 72 420 males with the given name Martin living in Sweden on December 31st, 2010, with the frequency peak in the 1980s. Accessed on 19 June 2011.