See also: mars, MARS, mârs, marš, Марс, and марс

English edit

 
Mars's planetary symbol
 
Mars (planet)

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English Mars, from Latin Mārs (god of war), from older Latin (older than 75 BCE) Māvors.

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. (astronomy) The fourth planet in the solar system. Symbol:
    Mars has two moons, Deimos and Phobos.
    • 2018 September 22, Marissa Carruthers, “Five of the best places to go off grid in Asia, get back to nature and away from office phone calls”, in South China Morning Post[1], archived from the original on 23 September 2018, Travel & Leisure:
      With its Mars-like landscape, visiting Gurbantunggut Desert feels like escaping to another world.
  2. (Roman mythology) The Roman god of war.
    Synonym: Ares
    Mars was the lover of Venus, and together they had a daughter called Harmonia.
  3. (poetic) War; a personification of war.
    In the first half of the twentieth century, Mars devastated Europe.
    • 1918, Ruth Stanley Farnam, A Nation at Bay: What an American Woman Saw and Did in Suffering Serbia, page 57:
      Mars rode upon the storm of horror and drank his fill of pain and blood. When the Serbian Army retreated before the foe, four times its own strength, it went backward facing the enemy and fighting every step of the way.
    • 1944, McGraw-Hill, Engineering and Mining Journal, volume 145, page 54:
      A relieved world then will eagerly turn to the task of reclaiming the destruction wrought by Mars ... A tremendous task, filled with infinite possibilities ... A profitable task, according to how well you are prepared to do your part in the rehabilitation ...
    • 1975, Helen Diane Russell, Jeffrey Blanchard, Jacques Callot: Prints & Related Drawings, Issue 21, page 10:
      The plague, inevitable companion of Mars, ravaged the populace.
Synonyms edit
  • (astronomy, astrology):
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Noun edit

Mars (uncountable)

  1. (heraldry, rare) Gules (red), in the postmedieval practice of blazoning the tinctures of certain sovereigns' (especially British monarchs') coats as planets.
    • 1693, Richard Blome, The Art of Heraldry, in two parts ... second edition ..., pages 76-77:
      4. Luna, a Mantle of Estate, Mars doubled Ermine, ouched Sol, garnished with Strings fastned thereunto fretways dependent, and tasselled of the same. [...] These Arms do belong to the Town of Beckbock in Wales. 5. Jupiter, a Mace of Majestry in Bend Sol. [...] 12. Venus, a Staff in Pale Sol, and thereupon a Cross Pattee, Luna surmounted off a Pall of the last, charged with 4. like Crosses fitched Saturn, edged and stringed as the second. This Coat belongs to the Archiepiscopal See of Canterbury, to whose place it appertains to Crown and Inaugurate the Kings of England.
    • 1718, Samuel Kent, The Grammar of Heraldry [...] Second Edition:
      George [...] Ist. Mars, three Lions passant guardant in Pale Sol, for the Arms of England, Impal'd with Scotland, i.e. Sol, a Lion rampant within a double Tressure counterflory Mars. 2d. Jupiter, three Fleurs de Lis Sol, for the Arms of France. 3d. Jupiter, an Irish Harp Sol, stringed Luna, for Ireland. 4th. Seme party per Pale, and per Chevron enarche, in the Ist Mars, two Lions passant guardant Sol, for Brunswick. In the 2d Partition Sol, semy of Hearts Mars, and a Lion rampant Jupiter, armed and langued of the First, for Luneburg. The base is Mars, a Horse currant Luna, over these last on an Inescocheon, Constantine's Crown. All within the Garter. Above the whole a Helmet suitable to his Majesty's Royal Jurisdiction, upon the same a rich Mantle of Cloth of Gold, doubled Ermine, a []
    • 1735, Francis Nichols, The Irish Compendium [...] vol. III of the British Compendium, second edition, page 80:
      8. Tierce in Mantle, first Mars, two Lions passant-guardant in pale, Sol, for Brunswick; 2d Sol, Semi of Hearts proper, a Lion rampant Jupiter, for Lunenburgh; 3d, ente en Point, Mars, an Horse currant Luna, for Saxony. Note, these Ensigns (which are the paternal Coat of his Majesty King George) I have added as an Example, to shew the Form of what foreign Heralds term Tierce in Mantle, ente en Pointe, &c. []
    • 1737, Benjamin Martin, Bibliotheca Technologica: Or, a Philological Library, page 631:
      ARMS. QUARTERLY, in the first grand Quarter Mars, three Lions passant-guardant in Pale, Sol; the Imperial Ensigns of England, impaled with the Royal Arms of Scotland, which are Sol, a Lion rampant within a double Tressure flower'd and counterflower'd with Fleurs-de-lis, Mars. The second Quarter is the Royal Arms of France, viz. Jupiter, three Fleurs-de-lis, Sol. The third, the Ensign of Ireland, which is, Jupiter, an Harp Sol, stringed Luna.
  2. (obsolete, alchemy, chemistry) Iron.

See also edit

Solar System in English · Solar System (layout · text)
Star Sun
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Moon Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon Dysnomia

Etymology 2 edit

After Frank C. Mars, who founded the company that produces these chocolate bars.

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. The Mars Bar, a brand of chocolate bar with caramel and nougat filling.
    • 1985, Michael Collier, Longest Day, page 206:
      Easily eight foot tall, each was big, brown and glutinous - like giant Mars Bars squeezed and welded into nightmarish sculptures.
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3 edit

Alternative forms.

Noun edit

Mars

  1. Alternative form of Mas

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch Mars.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: Mars

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. (astronomy) Mars
  2. (Roman mythology) Mars

See also edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmars]
  • Oblique cases of the inanimate sense are pronounced /marz-/.
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ars

Proper noun edit

Mars m inan (related adjective marsovský or marťanský or martský, demonym Marťan)

  1. (inanimate) Mars, the fourth planet in the solar system

Declension edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m anim (related adjective Marsův or Martův)

  1. (Roman mythology, animate) Mars, the Roman god of war

Declension edit

See also edit

Solar System in Czech · sluneční soustava (layout · text)
Star Slunce
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkur Venuše Země Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uran Neptun Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Měsíc Phobos/Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymed
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon Dysnomia

Further reading edit

Danish edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

See also edit

(planets of the solar system) planeter i solsystemet; Merkur,‎ Venus,‎ Jorden/‎jorden,‎ Mars,‎ Jupiter,‎ Saturn,‎ Uranus,‎ Neptun [edit]

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin Mārs.

Proper noun edit

Mars m

  1. (astronomy) Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

First attested as mersche in 1307. Derived from meers (land next to water, swampland, pasture).

Proper noun edit

Mars n

  1. A neighbourhood of Land van Cuijk, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

References edit

  • van Berkel, Gerard; Samplonius, Kees (2018) Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard (in Dutch), Mijnbestseller.nl, →ISBN

Estonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Ewe edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. March
    Synonym: Tedoxe

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Mars
Accusative Mars
Dative Marsi
Genitive Mars

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑrs/, [ˈmɑ̝rs̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑrs
  • Syllabification(key): Mars

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

Inflection of Mars (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Mars
genitive Marsin
partitive Marsia
illative Marsiin
singular plural
nominative Mars
accusative nom. Mars
gen. Marsin
genitive Marsin
partitive Marsia
inessive Marsissa
elative Marsista
illative Marsiin
adessive Marsilla
ablative Marsilta
allative Marsille
essive Marsina
translative Marsiksi
abessive Marsitta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Mars (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsini
accusative nom. Marsini
gen. Marsini
genitive Marsini
partitive Marsiani
inessive Marsissani
elative Marsistani
illative Marsiini
adessive Marsillani
ablative Marsiltani
allative Marsilleni
essive Marsinani
translative Marsikseni
abessive Marsittani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsisi
accusative nom. Marsisi
gen. Marsisi
genitive Marsisi
partitive Marsiasi
inessive Marsissasi
elative Marsistasi
illative Marsiisi
adessive Marsillasi
ablative Marsiltasi
allative Marsillesi
essive Marsinasi
translative Marsiksesi
abessive Marsittasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsimme
accusative nom. Marsimme
gen. Marsimme
genitive Marsimme
partitive Marsiamme
inessive Marsissamme
elative Marsistamme
illative Marsiimme
adessive Marsillamme
ablative Marsiltamme
allative Marsillemme
essive Marsinamme
translative Marsiksemme
abessive Marsittamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsinne
accusative nom. Marsinne
gen. Marsinne
genitive Marsinne
partitive Marsianne
inessive Marsissanne
elative Marsistanne
illative Marsiinne
adessive Marsillanne
ablative Marsiltanne
allative Marsillenne
essive Marsinanne
translative Marsiksenne
abessive Marsittanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsinsa
accusative nom. Marsinsa
gen. Marsinsa
genitive Marsinsa
partitive Marsiaan
Marsiansa
inessive Marsissaan
Marsissansa
elative Marsistaan
Marsistansa
illative Marsiinsa
adessive Marsillaan
Marsillansa
ablative Marsiltaan
Marsiltansa
allative Marsilleen
Marsillensa
essive Marsinaan
Marsinansa
translative Marsikseen
Marsiksensa
abessive Marsittaan
Marsittansa
instructive
comitative

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Solar System in Finnish · Aurinkokunta (layout · text)
Star Aurinko
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkurius Venus Maa (Tellus) Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Kuu Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymedes
Kallisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Japetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Kharon Dysnomia

French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

German edit

Etymology 1 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m (proper noun, strong, genitive Mars' or (with an article) Mars)

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars
Declension edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m (proper noun, strong, genitive Mars)

  1. (astronomy) Mars

Derived terms edit

Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Low German [Term?].

Noun edit

Mars m (strong, genitive Mars, plural Marse) or
Mars f (genitive Mars, plural Marsen)

  1. (nautical) crow's nest
Declension edit

or

See also edit

References edit

Hungarian edit

 Mars on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative Mars
accusative Marsot
dative Marsnak
instrumental Marssal
causal-final Marsért
translative Marssá
terminative Marsig
essive-formal Marsként
essive-modal
inessive Marsban
superessive Marson
adessive Marsnál
illative Marsba
sublative Marsra
allative Marshoz
elative Marsból
delative Marsról
ablative Marstól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Marsé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Marséi
Possessive forms of Mars
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Marsom
2nd person sing. Marsod
3rd person sing. Marsa
1st person plural Marsunk
2nd person plural Marsotok
3rd person plural Marsuk

Derived terms edit

Compound words

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

See also edit

Solar System in Icelandic · Sólkerfið (layout · text)
Star Sólin
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkúr Venus Jörðin Mars Seres Júpíter Satúrnus Úranus Neptúnus Plútó Eris
Notable
moons
Tunglið Fóbos
Deimos
Íó
Evrópa
Ganýmedes
Kallistó
Mímas
Enkeladus
Teþis
Díóne
Rea
Títan
Japetus

Míranda
Aríel
Úmbríel
Títanía
Óberon
Tríton Karon Dysnómía

Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Proper noun edit

Mars m (genitive Marsa)

  1. Mars (planet)
    Synonym: Máirt
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

See also edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
Mars Mhars not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Old Latin Māvors, from Proto-Italic *Māwortis,[1] or from Proto-Italic *Māmart-. If Māvors indeed comes from *Māmart-, the apparent change */-m-/ to */-w-/ is a unique and isolated change.[2] Mamers was his Oscan name. He was also known as Marmor, Marmar and Maris, the latter from the Etruscan deity Maris. See also the Lapis Satricanus, where 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌀𐌓𐌕𐌄𐌆 (Mamartei) is attested.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mārs m sg (genitive Mārtis); third declension

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars (god of war)
  2. (astronomy) Mars (planet)
  3. (alchemy, chemistry) iron

Usage notes edit

The name of the god could, through interpretatio romana, serve to replace the name of a war god in a foreign language. Thus Saxo Grammaticus, for example, uses the term to refer to the Norse god Odin, alternating it with the borrowed form Ōthinus.

Declension edit

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Mārs
Genitive Mārtis
Dative Mārtī
Accusative Mārtem
Ablative Mārte
Vocative Mārs

Noun edit

Mārs m (genitive Mārtis); third declension

  1. war, battle, conflict
    aequato Martemade equal the battle

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Mārs Mārtēs
Genitive Mārtis Mārtum
Dative Mārtī Mārtibus
Accusative Mārtem Mārtēs
Ablative Mārte Mārtibus
Vocative Mārs Mārtēs

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: Mars
  • French: Mars
  • Italian: Marte
  • Portuguese: Marte
  • Romanian: Marte
  • Sicilian: Marti
  • Spanish: Marte

References edit

  1. ^ Walde, Alois & Hofmann, Johann Baptist. 1954. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 2nd vol. (M-Z), 3rd edition, pp. 43-45.
  2. ^ de Vaan, Michiel. 2008. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, p. 366.

Latvian edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m

  1. vocative singular of Marss

Middle English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. The Roman god governing war; Mars.
  2. The red-coloured planet visible to the naked eye: Mars.

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

See also edit

References edit

Northern Sami edit

Etymology edit

From Norwegian Mars.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[2], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /maːrs/, [maːʂ]

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

See also edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin Mārs. Doublet of marzec.

Proper noun edit

Mars m pers

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars (the Roman god of war)
Declension edit

Proper noun edit

Mars m animal

  1. Mars (the fourth planet from the Sun)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
god
planet

See also edit

Solar System in Polish · Układ Słoneczny (layout · text)
Star Słońce
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkury Wenus Ziemia Mars Ceres Jowisz Saturn Uran Neptun Pluton Eris
Notable
moons
Księżyc Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganimedes
Kallisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tetyda
Dione
Rea
Tytan
Japet

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Tytania
Oberon
Tryton Charon Dysnomia
 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology 2 edit

After Frank C. Mars founder of Mars, Incorporated.

Proper noun edit

Mars m animal

  1. Mars bar (the chocolate bar with caramel and nougat filling)
Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • Mars in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Mars in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mȁrs m (Cyrillic spelling Ма̏рс)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension edit

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mȃrs m anim

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Inflection edit

Planet:

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative Márs
genitive Mársa
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Márs
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dative
(dajȃlnik)
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Mársu
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Mársom

God (or sometimes the planet):

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nominative Márs
genitive Mársa
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Márs
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dative
(dajȃlnik)
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Mársu
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Mársom

See also edit

(planets of the Solar System) planéti osónčja; Merkúr, Vénera, Zémlja, Márs, Júpiter, Satúrn, Urán, Neptún

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Mars c (genitive Mars)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Tatar edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

Declension edit

References edit

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

From English March.

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. March

See also edit

(Gregorian calendar months) Jenueri, Februeri, Mars, Epril, Mei, Jun, Julai, Ogas, Septemba, Oktoba, Novemba, Disemba (Category: tpi:Months)

Turkish edit

Proper noun edit

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
    Synonym: Merih

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

Mars c (no plural)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (god)

Further reading edit

  • Mars (III)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Wolof edit

Noun edit

Mars

  1. March

References edit

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN, page 155