Learned borrowing from Old Norse Óðinn, akin to Old High German Wotan and Old English Wōden. From Proto-Germanic *Wōdanaz, derived from Proto-Germanic *wōþuz (“rage, manic inspiration, furor poeticus”), from Proto-Indo-European *weh₂t- (“to be excited”). Compare Old Norse óðr (“rage”) and Dutch woede (“rage”) and woeden (“to rage”), Latin vātēs.
- (Norse mythology and Heathenry) The supreme god of the Germanic and Norse pantheons, the leader of the Æsir, after whom Wednesday is named; the god of war and poetry, the husband of Frigga, the father of Balder, Hod, Hermod, Thor, and Tyr. The Allfather, the One-eyed, the Terrible One, the Father of Battle.