From Middle High German phant, from Old High German phant. Only found in continental Germanic languages (→ Dutch pand) and of unresolved origin, various Latin sources have been suggested: Latin pāctum (“agreement”) under the supposition of a Low Latin *pantum from *panctum, or a pondus (“weight”) borrowed so early that it preceded the change from Indo-European o to a in Germanic.
- IPA(key): /pfant/ (standard)
- IPA(key): /fant/ (northern Germany, central Germany)
- Rhymes: -ant
- Homophone: fand (regional)
The commonly used gender for the noun is neuter in Germany and masculine in Austria.