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From Middle High German phant, from Old High German phant. Only found in continental Germanic languages (→ Dutch pand, and Swedish pant) and of unresolved origin, various Latin sources have been suggested: Latin pāctum (agreement) under the supposition of a Low Latin *pantum from *panctum, or a pondus (weight) borrowed so early that it preceded the change from Indo-European o to a in Germanic.


  • IPA(key): /pfant/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /fant/ (northern Germany, central Germany)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ant
  • Homophone: fand (regional)


Pfand n or m (genitive Pfandes or Pfands, plural Pfänder)

  1. pawn
  2. pledge
  3. can or bottle deposit

Usage notesEdit

The commonly used gender for the noun is neuter in Germany and masculine in Austria.


Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Pfand” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Pfand in Duden online