LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From pangō.

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

pāctum

  1. accusative masculine singular of pāctus (fixed, fastened)
  2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of pāctus (fixed, fastened)

Etymology 2Edit

Originally from pacīscor (to arrange by negotiation), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ḱ- (to fix; settle), whence also pāx (peace). Not easily distinguishable from Etymology 1 already in Proto-Indo-European, which might reflect an eventual merger of a split outcome of the same root.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈpak.tum/, [ˈpäkt̪ʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈpak.tum/, [ˈpäkt̪um]
  • Note: the derivational confusion likely entailed uncertainty about the length of the -a-; nevertheless the vowel reduction in compectum indicates its original shortness.

ParticipleEdit

pactum

  1. accusative masculine singular of pactus (arranged by negotiation, agreed)
  2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of pactus (arranged by negotiation, agreed)

NounEdit

pactum n (genitive pactī); second declension

  1. an agreement, bargain, pact
  2. (in adverbial expressions) a means, manner, method, consideration
    Synonyms: modus, ratiō, via
    quō pactō possum vīvere sī..?how can I live when..?
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pactum pacta
Genitive pactī pactōrum
Dative pactō pactīs
Accusative pactum pacta
Ablative pactō pactīs
Vocative pactum pacta
Alternative formsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Bulgarian: пакт (pakt)
  • Catalan: pacte, pati (possibly)
  • Danish: pagt
  • English: pact
  • French: pacte
  • Friulian: pat
  • Galician: peito, pacto

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • pactum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pactum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pactum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pactum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette