Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

From pangō.

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit


  1. inflection of pāctus (fixed, fastened):
    1. accusative masculine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular

Etymology 2 edit

Originally from pacīscor (to arrange by negotiation), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ḱ- (to fix; settle), whence also pāx (peace). Not easily distinguishable from Etymology 1 already in Proto-Indo-European, which might reflect an eventual merger of a split outcome of the same root.

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit


  1. inflection of pactus (arranged by negotiation, agreed):
    1. accusative masculine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular

Noun edit

pactum n (genitive pactī); second declension

  1. an agreement, bargain, pact
    Synonyms: compositum, condiciō, stipulātiō
  2. (in adverbial expressions) a means, manner, method, consideration
    Synonyms: modus, ratiō, via
    quō pactō possum vīvere sī..?how can I live when..?
    • Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita I, 32:
      quo pacto ius nostrum adipiscamur
      how we may obtain our right
    • Cicero, In Catilinam I 17:
      Servi mehercule mei si me isto pacto metuerent ut te metuunt omnes cives tui, domum meum relinquendam putarem
      If my servants feared me in such a manner as all your countrymen fear you, I should think that I need to leave my house
Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pactum pacta
Genitive pactī pactōrum
Dative pactō pactīs
Accusative pactum pacta
Ablative pactō pactīs
Vocative pactum pacta
Alternative forms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • >? Catalan: pati
  • Friulian: pat
  • Italian: patto
  • Old Occitan: pati, patu
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: peito (tribute)
  • Old Spanish: pecho (tribute)
  • Sicilian: pattu
  • Borrowings:

References edit

Further reading edit

  • pactum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pactum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pactum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pactum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette