Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ahwō

This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ékʷeh₂.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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*ahwō f[1]

  1. stream, river
    Synonyms: *albī, *flaumaz, *fleutą, *flōduz, *rīþaz, *straumaz
  2. water
    Synonyms: *watōr, *auraz

Inflection

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ō-stemDeclension of *ahwō (ō-stem)
singular plural
nominative *ahwō *ahwôz
vocative *ahwō *ahwôz
accusative *ahwǭ *ahwōz
genitive *ahwōz *ahwǫ̂
dative *ahwōi *ahwōmaz
instrumental *ahwō *ahwōmiz
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Descendants

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  • Proto-West Germanic: *ahu
    • Old English: ēa, ǣ
      • Middle English: æ, e, ea, ee, eo
        • English: ea, Eau, eau, yeo
      • Old English: edēa (with prefix ed-)
    • Old Frisian: ā, ē
      • North Frisian: ia
      • Saterland Frisian: Äi
      • West Frisian: ie
    • Old Saxon: aha, ā
      • Middle Low German: ahe, â
        • >? German Low German: Ehe (archaic)
    • Old Dutch: ā
      • Middle Dutch: â
    • Old High German: aha
      • Middle High German: ahe
        • German: Ach, Ache (obsolete or dialectal, chiefly in toponyms)
  • Proto-Norse: *ᚨᚺᚹᚢ (*ahwu), *ᚨᚺᚹᚨ- (*ahwa-)
    • Old Norse: á, ǫ́
      • Icelandic: á
      • Faroese: á
      • Norwegian Nynorsk: å
      • Old Swedish: ā
        • Swedish: å
      • Old Danish: ā
        • Danish: å
          • Norwegian Bokmål: å
      • Middle English: a, aa
  • Gothic: 𐌰𐍈𐌰 (aƕa)

References

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  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*ahwō-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 7