See also: E, è, é, e-, -e, and Appendix:Variations of "e"

e U+0065, e
LATIN SMALL LETTER E
d
[U+0064]
Basic Latin f
[U+0066]
U+1D49, ᵉ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL E

[U+1D48]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D4A]
U+FF45, e
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER E

[U+FF44]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF46]

Translingual

edit
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

edit

  Modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA:(file)

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

edit

Symbol

edit

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, also known as Euler's number, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459…
  2. (sciences, computing) Symbol separating mantissa from the exponent in scientific notation.
    1.2566e-6 = 1.2566 × 10-6
  3. (IPA) a close-mid front unrounded vowel.
  4. (superscript ⟨ᵉ⟩, IPA) [e]-coloring or a weak, fleeting, epenthetic or echo [e].
  5. (algebra, group theory) identity element.
    ae = ea = a
  6. (physics) Electron.
  7. (physics) Elementary charge.
  8. (mathematics) Eccentricity.
    • 2006 August, Alexander V. Krivov, Artem G. Feofilov, Valeri V. Dikarev, “Search for the putative dust belts of Mars: The late 2007 opportunity”, in Planetary and Space Science, volume 54, numbers 9–10 (in English), →DOI, page 873:
      In addition, we included here another effect—the modulation of the radiation pressure force by the orbital eccentricity of Mars,  —an effect, whose existence was first pointed out by Juhász and Horányi (1995) []

Usage notes

edit

In the sense as a mathematical constant, the symbol is traditionally represented in an italic font.

Synonyms

edit
  • (scientific notation): E
  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I
edit

See also

edit
The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=E5
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of E:

English

edit

Etymology 1

edit

The letter name is ultimately from Latin ē. Use of the Latin letter in (Old) English displaced, in whole or in part, five futhorc letters in the 7th century: (e), (æ), (ea), (eo), and (œ).

Pronunciation

edit
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈiː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /iː/, /ɪ/, /ə/, /eɪ/
    • In addition to the phonemes noted above, "e" can also be silent, representing no sound itself but indicating which phoneme another letter in the word represents. See the article "Silent e" on Wikipedia.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E, plural es or e's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Coordinate terms
edit

Number

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun

edit

e (plural ees)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.
Alternative forms
edit
Coordinate terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From a deliberate apheresis of both he and she.

Pronoun

edit
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

e (third-person singular, nominative case, accusative em, possessive adjective eir, possessive noun eirs, reflexive emself)

  1. (rare, epicene, nonstandard) A gender-neutral third-person singular subject pronoun, equivalent to the singular they and coordinate with gendered pronouns he and she.
    • 2000, Jane Love, “Ethics, Plugged and Unplugged: The Pegagogy of Disorderly Conduct”, in James A. Inman, Donna N. Sewell, editors, Taking flight with OWLs: Examining Electronic Writing Center Work, Taylor & Francis, →ISBN, →OL, LCC PE1414.T24 1999, page 193:
      E invites em to consider how ey represent emselves[sic], and in so doing, e focuses eir attention on the ethics that make human relations possible.
    • 2023, Aimee Ogden, “A Half-Remembered World”, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, vol. 145, no. 1-2, whole no. 768 (July/August 2023), pages 146-202
      Empre waded out to help them cross the last stretch. More people, a few hundred, perhaps, had gathered along the shore. One of them came running at Melu with a cry—she threw up her arms in defense. But it was Aeran, only Aeran. E seized Asu and clasped her close, eir eyes closed tightly as e sobbed eir relief.
Synonyms
edit

Translations

edit

Etymology 3

edit

Abbreviations.

  1. (stenoscript) a word-initial letter ⟨e⟩
  2. (stenoscript) the long vowel /iː/ at the end of a word, or before a final consonant that is not /dʒ, v, z/. (Note: the final consonant is not written; [ɪə˞] counts as /iːr/.)
  3. (stenoscript) the words he, me

Afar

edit

Letter

edit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Afrikaans

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Ainu

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e (Kana spelling )

  1. (transitive) to eat

Synonyms

edit

See also

edit
  • ku (to drink)

Albanian

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
  2. also
edit

Pronoun

edit

e m or f or n

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    E di. / S'e di.
    I know it. / I don't know it.
    E bleva.
    I bought it.

Preposition

edit

e

  1. (of)
    Besa e shqiptarit nuk shitet pazarit.
    The honor of an Albanian can not be sold or bought in a bazaar.

Article

edit

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases
edit

See also

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “Conjunction e (and also)”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 85

Alemannic German

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Article

edit

e f

  1. (indefinite) a/an

Declension

edit
Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene {{{8}}}
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Angolar

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. he

Aromanian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

Synonyms

edit

Azerbaijani

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Basque

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Noun

edit

e (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also

edit

Breton

edit

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. his

Etymology 2

edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition

edit

e

  1. in
Inflection
edit
Usage notes
edit

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.

Catalan

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

e f (plural es)

  1. the Latin letter E (lowercase e)

Chinese

edit

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Prefix

edit

e

  1. e- (electronic)

Etymology 2

edit

From clipping of English email.

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to email

Corsican

edit

Etymology

edit

From the earlier le.

Pronunciation

edit

Article

edit

e f pl (masculine singular u, feminine singular a, masculine plural i)

  1. the (feminine plural)

Usage notes

edit
  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

Pronoun

edit

e f pl

  1. them (feminine direct object)

Usage notes

edit
  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

See also

edit

References

edit

Dalmatian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Dutch

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

edit
  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

Emilian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Esperanto

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Noun

edit

e (accusative singular e-on, plural e-oj, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also

edit

Estonian

edit
 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. Abbreviation of ehk; or, a.k.a.

See also

edit

Fala

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Finnish

edit

Etymology 1

edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and e for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

German musical notation.

Noun

edit

e

  1. (music) E (note)
Usage notes
edit

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension
edit
Derived terms
edit
compounds

French

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

e m (plural e)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Derived terms

edit

Friulian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Fula

edit

Etymology 1

edit

See Translingual section.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.
Usage notes
edit
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
  2. with
Usage notes
edit
  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • In writing, some add an "h" before and even also after the "e": he,heh. Not sure these would count as variants.

Galician

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Latin et.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
    Túa irmá e eu fomos cear e despois ao cine.
    Your sister and I went to have dinner and then to the cinema.

Etymology 2

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ/
  • Hyphenation: e

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Galician alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

edit

e m (plural es)

  1. e (name of the letter E, e)
See also
edit

Further reading

edit

Gothic

edit

Romanization

edit

e

  1. Romanization of 𐌴

Guinea-Bissau Creole

edit

Etymology

edit

From Portuguese e. Cognate with Kabuverdianu e.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Etymology 1

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

é

  1. she, he, it (third-person singular personal pronoun)

Etymology 2

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. her, him, it (third-person singular personal object pronoun)

See also

edit
Gungbe personal pronouns
Number Person Emphatic Pronoun Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun Possessive Determiner
Singular First nyɛ́, yẹ́n ùn, n mi , ṣié
Second jɛ̀, jẹ̀, yẹ̀, hiẹ̀ à tòwè
Third éɔ̀, úɔ̀, éwọ̀ é è étɔ̀n, étọ̀n
Plural First mílɛ́, mílẹ́ mítɔ̀n, mítọ̀n
Second mìlɛ́, mìlẹ́ mìtɔ̀n, mìtọ̀n
Third yélɛ́, yélẹ́ yétɔ̀n, yétọ̀n

Hawaiian

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle

edit

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

Preposition

edit

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

Hungarian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish että and Estonian et.[1]

Pronunciation

edit

Determiner

edit

e (demonstrative)

  1. (chiefly archaic, except before consonant-initial words, as a counterpart of ez) this
    Synonyms: eme, (only determiners; both are archaic or formal) ezen
    az e heti hírekthis week’s news
    e világiof this world, worldly, mundane
    E házban lakott Petőfi Sándor.Sándor Petőfi lived in this house.
    E mellett a ház mellett vártam rá.I waited for him/her next to this house.

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. (archaic, except before most consonant-initial postpositions) this
    Itt a mozi, e mellett lakunk mi.Here is the cinema; we live next to this.
    • 1836, Mihály Vörösmarty, Szózat[1] (Appeal)[2]
      A nagy világon e kivűl / Nincsen számodra hely;
      In the great world outside of here / There is no place for you
      (“E kívül” would be ezen kívül in present-day Hungarian, formed from ez.)
Usage notes
edit

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

ezen a helyen ― e helyenat this place (literally, “on this place”)
ebben a házban ― e házbanin this house

Most consonant-initial postpositions can take e, e.g. e nélkül, e helyett, see Pronominal adverbs from postpositions, in the column “that one, this one”. On the other hand, vowel-initial postpositions take ez (e.g. ez alatt, ez iránt).

Interjection

edit

e

  1. (folksy) look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)
    E! Hát Józsi meg hová tűnt?Hey! Where is Joe?
    Itt van, e! (informal)Here it is.

Etymology 2

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (letter or phoneme itself; identifier): IPA(key): [ˈɛː][2]
  • (musical note): IPA(key): [ˈeː] (in the names of minor scales; see also E)

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Declension
edit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative e e-k
accusative e-t e-ket
dative e-nek e-knek
instrumental e-vel e-kkel
causal-final e-ért e-kért
translative e-vé e-kké
terminative e-ig e-kig
essive-formal e-ként e-kként
essive-modal
inessive e-ben e-kben
superessive e-n e-ken
adessive e-nél e-knél
illative e-be e-kbe
sublative e-re e-kre
allative e-hez e-khez
elative e-ből e-kből
delative e-ről e-kről
ablative e-től e-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
e-é e-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
e-éi e-kéi
Possessive forms of e
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. e-m e-im
2nd person sing. e-d e-id
3rd person sing. e-je e-i
1st person plural e-nk e-ink
2nd person plural e-tek e-itek
3rd person plural e-jük e-ik
Derived terms
edit

See also

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Entry #125 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ Siptár, Péter and Miklós Törkenczy. The Phonology of Hungarian. The Phonology of the World’s Languages. Oxford University Press, 2007. →ISBN, p. 280

Further reading

edit
  • (sound, letter, abbreviation): e , (musical note, its symbol or key/position): e , (pronoun, alternative form of ez): e , (folksy interjection pointing at something nearby): e , (interjection, rare alternative form of eh): e in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • e in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Noun

edit

e

  1. water

Further reading

edit
  • Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages

Icelandic

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. Apocopic form of ed
edit
  • a (to)
  • o (or)

Igbo

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Igbo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Alternative forms

edit
  • a (retracted tongue position)

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. (indefinite) somebody, one, they, people (an unspecified individual).

Usage notes

edit
  • Often gets translated into English with the passive voice.

See also

edit

Indo-Portuguese

edit

Etymology

edit

From Portuguese e (and).

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to feast on

Indonesian

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Interlingua

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Istriot

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Italian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Latin ē (the name of the letter E).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈe/*
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: é

Letter

edit

e f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Italian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun

edit

e f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.; e
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative forms

edit
  • ed (before a word starting with a vowel, especially /e ɛ/.)

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /e/*
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: e

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
  2. (archaic, literary) (e... e) both... and or just ... and (Can we clean up(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: sia... che, sia... sia
    • mid 1300smid 1310s, Dante Alighieri, “Canto I”, in Inferno [Hell]‎[3], lines 4–6; republished as Giorgio Petrocchi, editor, La Commedia secondo l'antica vulgata [The Commedia according to the ancient vulgate]‎[4], 2nd revised edition, Florence: publ. Le Lettere, 1994:
      Ahi quanto a dir qual era è cosa duraesta selva selvaggia e aspra e forte ¶ che nel pensier rinova la paura!
      Ah me! how hard a thing it is to say ¶ ⁠What was this forest savage, rough, and stern, ⁠¶ ⁠Which in the very thought renews the fear.
Usage notes
edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Further reading

edit

e in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Italiot Greek

edit

Etymology

edit

From Ancient Greek αἱ (hai).

Article

edit

e

  1. feminine nominative plural of o

Japanese

edit

Romanization

edit

e

  1. The hiragana syllable (e) or the katakana syllable (e) in Hepburn romanization.
  2. The hiragana syllable (e) or the katakana syllable (e) in Hepburn romanization. (as particle)

Kabuverdianu

edit

Etymology

edit

From Portuguese e.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Kaingang

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. there are many, there is much
  2. to be a lot (for someone); to displease; to surprise
    Ag mỹ tóg e .
    They were surprised.
    (literally, “it was a lot for them.”)

Kapampangan

edit

Etymology

edit

From ali or Proto-Philippine *diq (particle of negation).

Prefix

edit

e

  1. un-, non-, in-
    Iyang emakapunta
    S/he's Unable to go
    Taung eyakakit
    Invisible man
    Lugud a ekalinguwan
    Unforgettable love
    Ekakabieng bage
    Nonliving things
    Emakasulung
    Unable to proceed

Kashubian

edit

Etymology

edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Kosraean

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Oceanic *api, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy. Compare Malay api, Malagasy afo, Tsat pui³³, Palauan ngau, Chuukese ááf, Tongan afi, Samoan afi and Hawaiian ahi.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

e

  1. fire

Latin

edit

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Letter

edit

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

ē f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate terms
edit

References

edit
  • e in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • e in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • e in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • e in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3

edit

Abbreviated from ex.

Pronunciation

edit

Preposition

edit

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Derived terms
edit
edit

Latvian

edit
 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation 1

edit

Letter

edit
 
E

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes
edit

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ]šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ]platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e[ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See also
edit

Pronunciation 2

edit

Noun

edit

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.
See also
edit

Ligurian

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti (beyond, over).

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
Ligurian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine o i
feminine  a e

Etymology 2

edit

From Latin illae.

Article

edit

e f pl (singular a)

  1. the

Livonian

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Lule Sami

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

edit

e

  1. third-person plural present of ij

Malay

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Maltese

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /a/ (some speakers; when following in an unstressed final syllable)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/ (long phoneme)
  • In inherited words, long e occurs only next to vowelised or h. In Romance words, it can be long on its own.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Onomatopoeic. Compare Italian eh and English eh.

Interjection

edit

e

  1. In isolation, a request for repetition or clarification of what has just been said: eh, what
    Synonyms: xiex, x’inhu
  2. Used as a tag question, to emphasise what goes before or to request that the listener express an opinion about what has been said: eh
  3. Used to express dissent
Alternative forms
edit

Mandarin

edit

Romanization

edit

e (e5e0, Zhuyin ˙ㄜ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.
  5. Nonstandard spelling of ê̄.
  6. Nonstandard spelling of ế.
  7. Nonstandard spelling of ê̌.
  8. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

edit
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 (Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet) defines a standard pronunciation for each letter in Hanyu Pinyin with Zhuyin. (/⁠ɛ⁠/) typically only occurs in syllables with an initial glide (e.g. ㄧㄝ (-ie /⁠i̯ɛ⁠/)), where it is romanized as e. When it occurs in syllables without an initial glide, however, it is romanized as ê in order to distinguish it from (-e /⁠ɤ⁠/). Such instances are rare, and are only found in interjections or neologisms.
  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e

  1. the fifth letter of the modern Latin alphabet

Etymology 2

edit

From French et.

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Mbyá Guaraní

edit

Adjective

edit

e

  1. tasty, delicious

Middle English

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of I (I)

Etymology 2

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 3

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Middle Low German

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, whence also Old Norse ei.

Adverb

edit

ê

  1. always

Descendants

edit
  • German Low German: Ehe

Mokilese

edit

Noun

edit

e

  1. leg

Inflection

edit
edit

Letter

edit

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

Neapolitan

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Latin de.

Alternative forms

edit

'e

Preposition

edit

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Norwegian

edit

Etymology

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Letter

edit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Usage notes

edit
  • /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

Inflection

edit

Norwegian Bokmål

edit

Article

edit

e

  1. (non-standard since 1938) Alternative form of ei

Norwegian Nynorsk

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Norse er.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Verb

edit

e

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) Apocopic form of er, present of vera

Etymology 2

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. (dialectal, parts of Trøndelag and Western Norway) pronunciation spelling of eg (I).

Nupe

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Clipping of .

Pronunciation

edit

Particle

edit

è

  1. Marks the imperfective aspect, for actions that are not completed.

Nzadi

edit

Particle

edit

é

  1. Used to link a possessed noun to its possessor.

Usage notes

edit

This particle accompanies several tonal changes, as well as a simplification or elision of the coda of the possessed noun in some cases. Many nouns can be linked directly in possessive constructions without using this particle, chiefly those that denotes humans or animals when used in the singular, although it is impossible to predict exactly which nouns will follow which pattern based on semantics, ancestral noun class, or morphology.

Further reading

edit
  • Crane, Thera, Larry Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu (2011) A grammar of Nzadi [B.865]: a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, →ISBN

Occitan

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Occitan e, from Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Etymology 2

edit

Noun

edit

e f (plural es)

  1. e (the letter e, E)

Old French

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of et

Old Galician-Portuguese

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
Descendants
edit
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e
    • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
    • Indo-Portuguese: e
    • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
    • Papiamentu: i, y

Etymology 2

edit

Alternative form of é

Verb

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of é

Old Occitan

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Descendants

edit
  • Occitan: e

Old Spanish

edit

Alternative forms

edit
  • é (alternative spelling)
  • ed, et (alternative forms)
  • i

Etymology

edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
    • c. 1200: Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 64v.
      e el reẏ con ſana q́ auie mando que mataſen todos los ſabios de babilonna e demandaron a danel e aſos conpaneros por matar
      And the king, full of anger, ordered all the wise men of Babylon be put to death, and they sought Daniel and his companions to put them to death.

Descendants

edit
  • Spanish: y, e

Ometepec Nahuatl

edit

Noun

edit

e

  1. bean.

Papiamentu

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Portuguese ele and Spanish él and Kabuverdianu el.

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. he, she, third person singular.

Etymology 2

edit

From Portuguese este and Spanish este and Kabuverdianu es.

Article

edit

e

  1. the (definite article)

Pohnpeian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. he, she, it, third person pronoun

Etymology 2

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

edit

Determiner

edit

e

  1. his, her, hers, its, third person possessive pronoun
    Liho iang eh pwoud.
    The woman joined her husband.

Etymology 3

edit

Of Onomatopoeic origin.

Interjection

edit

e

  1. what, in response to being called

Polish

edit

Etymology

edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Polish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Interjection

edit

e

  1. (colloquial) hey! (used to call someone's attention)

Portuguese

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and (connects two clauses indicating that the events occurred together, one after the other or without any special implication)
    Synonym: &
    Eu vim e eles saíram.
    I came and they left.
  2. and (connects the last and penultimate elements in a list)
    Eu e ele vamos embora.
    He and I are going away.
    Tenho quatro frutas: uma maçã, uma pera, uma laranja e uma uva.
    I have four fruits: an apple, a pear, an orange and a grape.
  3. (emphatic) and (connects every element of a list)
    Ela é baixa, e burra, e preguiçosa, e feia.
    She is short, and stupid, and lazy, and ugly.
  4. (logic) and (indicates a conjunction operation)
    Verdadeiro e falso dá falso.
    True and false yields false.
  5. (in the format “X e X”) and (indicates a great number of something)
    Esperei por anos e anos.
    I waited for years and years.
Quotations
edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Descendants
edit
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
  • Indo-Portuguese: e
  • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
  • Papiamentu: i, y

Noun

edit

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction
Quotations
edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Etymology 2

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit
  • Hyphenation: e

Letter:

Noun:

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Abbreviation of este

Noun

edit

e m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of este (east)

Etymology 4

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative form of é (is)

Rapa Nui

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈe/
  • Hyphenation: e

Etymology 1

edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

Particle

edit

e

  1. Used to mark the subject of a non-stative verb.
  2. Used to form a vocative of the following (proper) noun.
Usage notes
edit
  • The particle is only obligatory when used with verbs describing first-hand sensing:
    He tike'a koe e au.I see you.
  • With other verbs, e has an emphatic undertone.

Etymology 2

edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

Particle

edit

e

  1. Used to indicate the imperfective aspect.
  2. Used to indicate the exhortative mood.
  3. Used before numerals to form cardinal numbers.

References

edit
  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, page 67
  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[5], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, pages 323, 381

Rawang

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. to exist.

Suffix

edit

e

  1. verbal suffix for marking non-past declarative clause.

Romagnol

edit

Etymology

edit

From an earlier ei, from el.

Article

edit

e m

  1. Alternative form of e’ (the)

Romani

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. (International Standard) The seventh letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eighth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Romanian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes
edit

See E for pronunciation notes.

See also
edit

Noun

edit

e n (plural e-uri)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.
Declension
edit

Etymology 2

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Interjection

edit

e

  1. expression of annoyance, irritation
  2. expression of boredom, indifference
  3. (when prolonged…eee) expression of surprise, satisfaction, admiration

Etymology 3

edit

From Latin est.

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. (informal) third-person singular present indicative of fi
    Synonyms: este, (regional) îi, (familiar) -i
    El e un copil.
    He is a child.

Etymology 4

edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. (obsolete) and
    Synonym: și
  2. (obsolete) but
    Synonyms: dar, iar

Samoan

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

edit

e

  1. by (a person or animate object)

Sardinian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Sassarese

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti or *h₁eti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Scottish Gaelic

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by d and followed by f. Its traditional name is eadha (aspen).
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Old Irish é. Cognates include Irish é and Manx eh.

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

e (emphatic esan)

  1. third-person masculine pronoun; he, him, it
See also
edit

References

edit
  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “e”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[6], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 é, hé”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

See Translingual section.

Alternative forms

edit
  • (uppercase): E

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by đ and followed by f.
Usage notes
edit

Its name is е /e/ and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2

edit

Variant of ej or hej

Interjection

edit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. (rare) well, now
  2. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) hey
  3. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to emphasize the sentence
    E, šta ima?Hey, what's up?
  4. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to express surprise
    E, otkud ti?Hey, where did you come from?
  5. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to get attention or change the topic of conversation, especially if followed by a (and; but)
    E, a vidi ovo.And look at this.

Sicilian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and

Silesian

edit

Etymology

edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Skolt Sami

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Slovene

edit
 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Alternative forms

edit
  • є (Metelko alphabet)
  • ȩ (Ramovš transcription)

Etymology 1

edit

From Gaj's Latin alphabet e, from Czech alphabet e, from Latin e, which is a modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation

edit
  • (phoneme, Standard Slovene): IPA(key): /éː/, /èː/, /ɛ́/, /ɛ́ː/, /ɛ̀ː/, /ə́/, /ə̀/, /e/, /ɛ/, [ɪ́], [ɪ̀], [é̞], [è̞]
  • (phoneme, Resian): IPA(key): /ɛ/
  • (phoneme, Natisone Valley dialect): IPA(key): /ɛː/, /ɛ/, /ɛ̆/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /èː/, /éː/
  • (letter name, archaic): IPA(key): /ɛ̀ː/, /ɛ́ː/
  • Audio (letter name, non-tonal):(file)
  • Rhymes: -eː, -ɛː
  • Homophones: e, E

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The eighth letter of the Slovene alphabet (Resian), written in the Latin script.
  3. The sixth letter of the Slovene alphabet (Natisone Valley dialect), written in the Latin script.
Derived terms
edit

Symbol

edit

e

  1. (Logar transcription, transcription for standard Slovene) Phonetic transcription of sound [ɛ].
    Synonyms: ȩ, ɛ

Noun

edit

e m inan or n

  1. The name of the Latin script letter E / e.

Usage notes

edit

Nowadays, it is hardly ever neuter gender, so it is considered obsolete.[1]

Inflection

edit
  • Overall more common
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
e e-ja e-ji
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
e-ja e-jev e-jev
dative
(dajȃlnik)
e-ju e-jema e-jem
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
e e-ja e-je
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
e-ju e-jih e-jih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
e-jem e-jema e-ji
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Masculine inan., no endings
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e
singular dual plural
nominative e e e
accusative e e e
genitive e e e
dative e e e
locative e e e
instrumental e e e
  • Obsolete
Neuter, no endings
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e
singular dual plural
nominative e e e
accusative e e e
genitive e e e
dative e e e
locative e e e
instrumental e e e

Etymology 2

edit

Variant of ej or hej

Pronunciation

edit

Interjection

edit

e

  1. (informal, rare, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express happiness when saying something
    E, do smrti bom živel!
    Hey, I will live till I die!
  2. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express uneasyness
    E, da, seveda.
    Um, sure, of course
  3. (informal, rare, at the end of sentences) Used to form questions
    Synonym: a
    Kdo je to naredil, e?
    Who did that, huh?

Etymology 3

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Interjection

edit

e

  1. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express indifference to what was said before
    Synonyms: eh, ah
    E, ga bo že minilo!
    Whatever, he will get over it?
  2. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express unhappiness
    E, pa kaj še!
    Yeah, sure!

See also

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Toporišič, Jože (2000) Slovenska slovnica / Jože Toporišič. - 4. prenovljena in razširjena izd. (in Slovene), Maribor: Obzorja, →ISBN
  • Krvina, Domen, Žele, Andreja (2017) O MEDMETIH, ZLASTI O NJIHOVIH RAZLOČEVALNIH LASTNOSTIH: POUDARJEN SLOVARSKI VIDIK[7] (in Slovene)
  • Kenda-Jež, Karmen (2017 February 27) Fonetična trankripcija [Phonetic transcription]‎[8] (in Slovene), Znanstvenoraziskovalni center SAZU, Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša, archived from the original on January 22, 2022, pages 27–30

Further reading

edit
  • e”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

See Translingual section.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

edit

e f (plural es)

  1. Name of the letter E

Etymology 2

edit

Latin et

Alternative forms

edit

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
    Yo hablo francés e inglés.
    I speak French and English.
Usage notes
edit
  • Used instead of y when the following word starts with the vowel sound /i/.
See also
edit

Sranan Tongo

edit

Etymology

edit

Reduced form of de (to be)

Particle

edit

e

  1. Verbal marker for continuous aspect.

Sumerian

edit

Romanization

edit

e

  1. Romanization of 𒂊

Swedish

edit

Etymology 1

edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

edit
  • letter name: IPA(key): /eː/
  • phoneme: IPA(key): /eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
See also
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. (colloquial, Internet slang, text messaging) Pronunciation spelling of är.
    • 2014 January 17, Veronica Maggio (lyrics and music), “Hela huset”‎[9] ft. Håkan Hellström:
      Går runt i t-shirt och e trött
      Walking tired around in a t-shirt
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 3

edit

From Old Norse æ, ei, ey, from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (forever), *aiwaz.

Adverb

edit

e (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) forever, ever
    Synonym: alltid
edit

Tagalog

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from Spanish e. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English e.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by the Baybayin character (i).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish e.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔi/ [ˈʔi] (letter name, Filipino alphabet)
      • Rhymes: -i
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔe/ [ˈʔɛ] (letter name, Abakada alphabet, Abecedario)
      • Rhymes: -e
    • IPA(key): /ˈe/ [ˈɛ] (phoneme, stressed or unstressed)
      • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: e

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Filipino alphabet), called i and written in the Latin script.
  2. The fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abakada alphabet), called e and written in the Latin script.
  3. (historical) The sixth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abecedario), called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Noun

edit

e (Baybayin spelling )

  1. the name of the Latin-script letter E/e, in the Abakada alphabet
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) i
  2. (historical) the name of the Latin-script letter E/e, in the Abecedario
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) i

See also

edit

Etymology 2

edit

Compare Spanish eh and English eh.

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Interjection

edit

e (Baybayin spelling ) (informal)

  1. Used to acknowledge a statement or situation: well; so
    E, ganoon e!
    Well, it's like that!
    E, ano ngayon?
    So, what now?
    Nandoon siya, e.
    Well, he/she was/is there.
  2. Used to rhetorically express surprise or suspicion: so; oh; well
    E, sino naman 'yun?
    Oh so then, who was that?
    E, ikaw lang din naman 'yun.
    Well anyways, that was also only just you.
  3. Used to express indignance: well; but
    E, hindi mo naman kinailangan gawin iyon.
    But, you didn't need to do that.
  4. Used to introduce the continuation of narration from a previous understood point: and; well; so
    E, magkano naman ito?
    And, how much is this one?
See also
edit

Further reading

edit
  • e”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tahitian

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle

edit

e

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

Teop

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person pronoun, objective case, singular)

Further reading

edit

Tokelauan

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e.

Preposition

edit

e

  1. Marks the subject of a transitive verb; by

Etymology 2

edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e.

Particle

edit

e

  1. Indicates indefinite present tense.
    • 1948, Tūlāfono fakavae a Tokelau [Constitution of Tokelau]‎[10], page 1:
      Ko kimatou, ia tagata o Tokelau, e takutino
      We, the people of Tokelau, (do) speak openly
  2. Indicates future tense.

References

edit
  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[11], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 24

Tongan

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Preposition

edit

e

  1. by

Tooro

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

-e (declinable)

  1. his, her (class 1 possessive pronoun)

Usage notes

edit
  • This modifier, when used in the indefinite forms, causes the word before it to move its high tone to the ultimate syllable.

Inflection

edit

See also

edit

References

edit
  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[12], Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, page 420

Turkish

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Noun

edit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also

edit

Turkmen

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Tuvaluan

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle

edit

e

  1. present tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Vietnamese

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from Portuguese é.

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

edit

Noun

edit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Etymology 2

edit

Compare Pacoh e (to guard, to watch over).

Verb

edit

e (, , 𢙬, 𠵱, 𠲖, )

  1. to fear; to be apprehensive, to be afraid
    Tôi e cô ta không đến.
    I am afraid she will not come.
  2. to be slightly ashamed
See also
edit
Derived terms

Etymology 3

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. (slang, Internet, text messaging) Abbreviation of em.

References

edit

Vilamovian

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

e n

  1. egg

Volapük

edit

Alternative forms

edit
  • (before a vowel) ed

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

edit

e

  1. and
    • 1932, Arie de Jong, Leerboek der Wereldtaal, page 12:
      Liegikans e pöfikans binons deadöfiks.
      Rich people and poor people are mortal.
edit

Welsh

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Alternative forms

edit
  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel): è
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): é
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ê
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ë

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Welsh alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by dd and followed by f.
Mutation
edit
  • e cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word eliffant (elephant):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eliffant unchanged unchanged heliffant
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
Derived terms
edit
See also
edit

Noun

edit

e f (plural eau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Mutation

edit
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
e unchanged unchanged he
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

edit

Etymology 2

edit

Reduction of literary ef

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. he, him
Usage notes
edit

E is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while o is used in the north, with fe and fo as variants of e and o respectively. In formal Welsh, the equivalent pronoun is ef.

West Makian

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

e

  1. (transitive) to fetch
  2. (transitive) to take

Conjugation

edit
Conjugation of e (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tee mee ae
2nd person nee fee
3rd person inanimate ie dee
animate
imperative nee, e fee, e

References

edit
  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[13], Pacific linguistics

Yola

edit

Article

edit

e

  1. Alternative form of a (one)
    • 1927, “YOLA ZONG O BARONY VORTH”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, page 132, line 11:
      Fan the loughraan itzel feight e big bawl,
      When the ghost itself gave a loud bawl,

References

edit
  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 132

Yoruba

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fourth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called é and written in the Latin script.

Noun

edit

é

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also

edit

Etymology 2

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Pronoun

edit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a high-tone /e/)

Pronoun

edit

é

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a low- or mid-tone /e/)

Zazaki

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit
  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Interjection

edit

e

  1. yes

Particle

edit

e

  1. yes

Antonyms

edit

Zulu

edit

Letter

edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

edit