See also: E, è, e-, -e, and Appendix:Variations of "e"

TranslingualEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

  Modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, also known as Euler’s number, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459…
  2. (sciences, computing) Symbol separating mantissa from the exponent in scientific notation.
    1.2566e-6 = 1.2566 × 10-6
  3. (IPA) close-mid front unrounded vowel
  4. (algebra, group theory) identity element
    ae = ea = a
  5. (physics) electron
  6. (physics) elementary charge

Usage notesEdit

In the sense as a mathematical constant, the symbol is traditionally represented in an italic font.

SynonymsEdit

  • (scientific notation): E
  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of E:


EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter e and split of æ, ea, eo, and œ, from five 7th century replacements of Anglo-Saxon Futhorcs by Latin letters:

  •   Old English lower case letter e, from replacement by Latin letter e of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (e).
  •   Old English lower case letter æ from replacement by Latin ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ).
  •   Old English lower case digraph ea, from replacement by Latin digraph ea of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (ea).
  •   Old English lower case digraph eo from replacement by Latin digraph eo of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc (ēo).
  •   Old English lower case letter œ from replacement by Latin ligature œ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (œ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /iː/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /iː/, /ɪ/, /ə/, /eɪ/
  • In addition to the phonemes noted above, "e" can also be silent, representing no sound itself but indicating which phoneme another letter in the word represents. See the article "Silent e" on Wikipedia.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E, plural es or e's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Coordinate termsEdit

NumberEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

e (plural ees)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See e/translations § English.


AfarEdit

LetterEdit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.



AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

AinuEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

e (Kana spelling )

  1. (transitive) to eat

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • ku (to drink)

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
  2. also

Related termsEdit

PronounEdit

e m or f or n

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    E di. / S'e di.
    I know it. / I don't know it.
    E bleva.
    I bought it.

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. (of)
    Besa e shqiptarit nuk shitet pazarit.
    The honor of an Albanian can not be sold or bought in a bazaar.

ArticleEdit

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases

See alsoEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “Conjunction e (and also)”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 85

Alemannic GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

e f

  1. (indefinite) a/an

DeclensionEdit

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

AngolarEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

e

  1. he

AromanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

SynonymsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See alsoEdit


BretonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

e

  1. his

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. in
Usage notesEdit

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.


CatalanEdit

NounEdit

e f (plural es)

  1. The Latin letter E (lowercase e).

ChineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

e

  1. e- (electronic)

CorsicanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the earlier le.

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

e f pl (masculine singular u, feminine singular a, masculine plural i)

  1. the (feminine plural)

Usage notesEdit

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

PronounEdit

e f pl

  1. them (feminine direct object)

Usage notesEdit

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

EmilianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e (accusative singular e-on, plural e-oj, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. Abbreviation of ehk; or, a.k.a.

See alsoEdit


FalaEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of i

FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː/, [ˈe̞ː] (name of letter)
  • (file)

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. (music) E (note)

Usage notesEdit

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

DeclensionEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

e m (plural e)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Derived termsEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

FulaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
  2. with

Usage notesEdit

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • In writing, some add an "h" before and even also after the "e": he,heh. Not sure these would count as variants.

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Further readingEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

e

  1. Romanization of 𐌴

Guinea-Bissau CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese e. Cognate with Kabuverdianu e.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

HawaiianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ParticleEdit

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

HungarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish että and Estonian et.[1]

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

e (demonstrative)

  1. (chiefly archaic, except before consonant-initial words, as a counterpart of ez) this
    Synonyms: eme, (only determiners; both are archaic or formal) ezen
    az e heti hírekthis week’s news
    e világiof this world, worldly, mundane
    E házban lakott Petőfi Sándor.Sándor Petőfi lived in this house.
    E mellett a ház mellett vártam rá.I waited for him/her next to this house.

PronounEdit

e

  1. (archaic, except before most consonant-initial postpositions) this
    Itt a mozi, e mellett lakunk mi.Here is the cinema; we live next to this.
    • 1836, Mihály Vörösmarty, Szózat[1] (Appeal)[2]
      A nagy világon e kivűl / Nincsen számodra hely;
      In the great world outside of here / There is no place for you
      (“E kívül” would be ezen kívül in present-day Hungarian, formed from ez.)
Usage notesEdit

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

ezen a helyen ― e helyenat this place (literally, “on this place”)
ebben a házban ― e házbanin this house

Most consonant-initial postpositions can take e, e.g. e nélkül, e helyett, see Pronominal adverbs from postpositions, in the column “that one, this one”. On the other hand, vowel-initial postpositions take ez (e.g. ez alatt, ez iránt).

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. (folksy) look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)
    E! Hát Józsi meg hová tűnt?Hey! Where is Joe?
    Itt van, e! (informal)Here it is.

Etymology 2Edit

See Translingual section.

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter or phoneme itself; identifier): IPA(key): [ˈɛː][2]
  • (musical note): IPA(key): [ˈeː] (in the names of minor scales; see also E)

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative e e-k
accusative e-t e-ket
dative e-nek e-knek
instrumental e-vel e-kkel
causal-final e-ért e-kért
translative e-vé e-kké
terminative e-ig e-kig
essive-formal e-ként e-kként
essive-modal
inessive e-ben e-kben
superessive e-n e-ken
adessive e-nél e-knél
illative e-be e-kbe
sublative e-re e-kre
allative e-hez e-khez
elative e-ből e-kből
delative e-ről e-kről
ablative e-től e-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
e-é e-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
e-éi e-kéi
Possessive forms of e
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. e-m e-im
2nd person sing. e-d e-id
3rd person sing. e-je e-i
1st person plural e-nk e-ink
2nd person plural e-tek e-itek
3rd person plural e-jük e-ik
Derived termsEdit
Compound words

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #125 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  2. ^ Siptár, Péter and Miklós Törkenczy. The Phonology of Hungarian. The Phonology of the World’s Languages. Oxford University Press, 2007. →ISBN, p. 280

IauEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. water

Further readingEdit

  • Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. Apocopic form of ed

Related termsEdit

  • a (to)
  • o (or)

IgboEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Igbo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • a (retracted tongue position)

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. (indefinite) somebody, one, they, people (an unspecified individual).

NotesEdit

  • Often gets translated into English with the passive voice.

See alsoEdit


Indo-PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese e (and).

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to feast on

IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


InterlinguaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

IstriotEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /e/
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: é

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin ē (the name of the letter E).

NounEdit

e f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.; e

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative formsEdit

  • ed (before a word starting with e-)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
Usage notesEdit

Causes syntactic doubling of a following initial consonant.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

e

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of
  3. Rōmaji transcription of
  4. Rōmaji transcription of

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese e.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

KosraeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Oceanic *api, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy. Compare Malay api, Malagasy afo, Tsat pui³³, Palauan ngau, Chuukese ááf, Tongan afi, Samoan afi and Hawaiian ahi.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. fire

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

LetterEdit

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ē f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • e in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • e in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • e in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • e in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviated from ex.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

(file)
(file)

LetterEdit

 
E

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ] — šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ] — platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e — [ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.

See alsoEdit


LigurianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti (beyond, over).

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
Ligurian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine o i
feminine  a e

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin illae.

ArticleEdit

e f pl (singular a)

  1. the

LivonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Lule SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

e

  1. third-person plural present of ij

MalayEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /a/ (some speakers; when following in an unstressed final syllable)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/ (long phoneme)
  • In inherited words, long e occurs only next to vowelised or h. In Romance words, it can be long on its own.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

e (Zhuyin ˙ㄜ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mauritian CreoleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e

  1. the fifth letter of the modern Latin alphabet

Etymology 2Edit

From French et.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of æ

Etymology 2Edit

PronounEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of I (I)

Etymology 3Edit

PronounEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 4Edit

PronounEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Middle Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, whence also Old Norse ei

AdverbEdit

ê

  1. always

DescendantsEdit

  • German Low German: Ehe

NavajoEdit

LetterEdit

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

NeapolitanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin de

Alternative formsEdit

'e

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin et

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

NorwegianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

EtymologyEdit

See Translingual section.

LetterEdit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet

InflectionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

ArticleEdit

e

  1. (non-standard since 1938) Alternative form of ei

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse er.

VerbEdit

e

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) Apocopic form of er, present of vera

NzadiEdit

ParticleEdit

é

  1. Used to link a possessed noun to its possessor.

Usage notesEdit

This particle accompanies several tonal changes, as well as a simplification or elision of the coda of the possessed noun in some cases. Many nouns can be linked directly in possessive constructions without using this particle, chiefly those that denotes humans or animals when used in the singular, although it is impossible to predict exactly which nouns will follow which pattern based on semantics, ancestral noun class, or morphology.

Further readingEdit

  • Crane, Thera; Larry Hyman; Simon Nsielanga Tukumu (2011) A grammar of Nzadi [B.865]: a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, →ISBN

OccitanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Occitan e, from Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

e f (plural es)

  1. e (the letter e, E)

Old FrenchEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of et

Old OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: i
  • Occitan: e

Old PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
DescendantsEdit
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e
    • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
    • Indo-Portuguese: e
    • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
    • Papiamentu: i, y

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative form of é

VerbEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of é

Old SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • é (alternative spelling)
  • ed, et (alternative forms)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    • c. 1200: Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 64v.
      e el reẏ con ſana q́ auie mando que mataſen todos los ſabios de babilonna e demandaron a danel e aſos conpaneros por matar
      And the king, full of anger, ordered all the wise men of Babylon be put to death, and they sought Daniel and his companions to put them to death.

DescendantsEdit

  • Spanish: y, e

Ometepec NahuatlEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. bean.

PapiamentuEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Portuguese ele and Spanish él and Kabuverdianu el.

PronounEdit

e

  1. he, she, third person singular.

Etymology 2Edit

From Portuguese este and Spanish este and Kabuverdianu es.

ArticleEdit

e

  1. the (definite article)

PohnpeianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

e

  1. he, she, it, third person pronoun

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

DeterminerEdit

e

  1. his, her, hers, its, third person possessive pronoun
    Liho iang eh pwoud.
    The woman joined her husband.

Etymology 3Edit

Of Onomatopoeic origin.

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. what, in response to being called

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Polish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. (colloquial) hey! (used to call someone's attention)

Further readingEdit

  • e in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • e in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: e

Letter:

Conjunction:

Noun:

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and (connects two clauses indicating that the events occurred together, one after the other or without any special implication)
    Eu vim e eles saíram.
    I came and they left.
    Synonym: &
  2. and (connects the last and penultimate elements in a list)
    Eu e ele vamos embora.
    He and I are going away.
    Tenho quatro frutas: uma maçã, uma pera, uma laranja e uma uva.
    I have four fruits: an apple, a pear, an orange and a grape.
  3. (emphatic) and (connects every element of a list)
    Ela é baixa, e burra, e preguiçosa, e feia.
    She is short, and stupid, and lazy, and ugly.
  4. (logic) and (indicates a conjunction operation)
    Verdadeiro e falso dá falso.
    True and false yields false.
  5. (in the format “X e X”) and (indicates a great number of something)
    Esperei por anos e anos.
    I waited for years and years.
QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

DescendantsEdit
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
  • Indo-Portuguese: e
  • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
  • Papiamentu: i, y

NounEdit

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Etymology 2Edit

See Translingual section.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of este

NounEdit

e m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of este (east)

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

e

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative form of é (is)

Rapa NuiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe/
  • Hyphenation: e

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

ParticleEdit

e

  1. Used to mark the subject of a non-stative verb.
  2. Used to form a vocative of the following (proper) noun.
Usage notesEdit
  • The particle is only obligatory when used with verbs describing first-hand sensing:
    He tike'a koe e au.I see you.
  • With other verbs, e has an emphatic undertone.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

ParticleEdit

e

  1. Used to indicate the imperfective aspect.
  2. Used to indicate the exhortative mood.
  3. Used before numerals to form cardinal numbers.

ReferencesEdit

  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, page 67
  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[3], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, pages 323, 381

RomagnolEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

RomaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. (International Standard) The seventh letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eighth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Usage notesEdit

See E for pronunciation notes.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e ? (plural e-uri)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. expression of annoyance, irritation
  2. expression of boredom, indifference
  3. (when prolonged…eee) expression of surprise, satisfaction, admiration

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin est.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

e

  1. (informal) third-person singular present indicative of fi
    El e un copil.
    He is a child.
    Synonyms: este, (regional) îi, (familiar) -i

Etymology 4Edit

From Latin et.

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. (obsolete) and
    Synonym: și
  2. (obsolete) but
    Synonyms: dar, iar

SamoanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by (a person or animate object)

SardinianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish é. Cognates include Irish é and Manx eh.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. he, him, it

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • e” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 é, hé”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (uppercase): E

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by đ and followed by f.
Usage notesEdit

Its name is е /e/ and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2Edit

Variant of ej or hej

InterjectionEdit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. (rare) well, now
  2. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) hey
  3. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to emphasize the sentence
    E, šta ima?Hey, what's up?
  4. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to express surprise
    E, otkud ti?Hey, where did you come from?
  5. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to get attention or change the topic of conversation, especially if followed by a (and; but)
    E, a vidi ovo.And look at this.

SicilianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.



SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

e f (plural es)

  1. Name of the letter E

Etymology 2Edit

Latin et

Alternative formsEdit

  • y
  • é (obsolete)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and
    Yo hablo francés e inglés.
    I speak French and English.
Usage notesEdit

Used instead of y when the following word starts with the vowel sound /i/.

See alsoEdit


Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduced form of de (to be)

ParticleEdit

e

  1. Verbal marker for continuous aspect.

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

e

  1. Romanization of 𒂊 (e)

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See Translingual section.

PronunciationEdit

  • letter name: IPA(key): /eː/
  • phoneme: IPA(key): /eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

e

  1. (colloquial, Internet slang, text messaging) Pronunciation spelling of är.
    • 2014 January 17, Veronica Maggio (lyrics and music), “Hela huset ft. Håkan Hellström”‎[4]:
      Går runt i t-shirt och e trött
      Walking tired around in a t-shirt

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse æ, ei, ey, from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (forever), *aiwaz.

AdverbEdit

e (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) forever, ever
    Synonym: alltid
Related termsEdit

TahitianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ParticleEdit

e

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

TeopEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person pronoun, objective case, singular)

Further readingEdit


TokelauanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe/
  • Hyphenation: e

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e.

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. Marks the subject of a transitive verb; by

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e

ParticleEdit

e

  1. Indicates indefinite present tense.
    • 1948, Tūlāfono fakavae a Tokelau [Constitution of Tokelau]‎[5], page 1:
      Ko kimatou, ia tagata o Tokelau, e takutino
      We, the people of Tokelau, (do) speak openly
  2. Indicates future tense.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[6], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 24

TonganEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. by

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TuvaluanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ParticleEdit

e

  1. present tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Portuguese é.

NounEdit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Etymology 2Edit

Compare Pacoh e (to guard, to watch over).

VerbEdit

e (, , 𢙬, 𠵱, 𠲖, )

  1. to fear; to be apprehensive, to be afraid
    Tôi e cô ta không đến.
    I am afraid she will not come.
  2. to be slightly ashamed
See alsoEdit
Derived terms

Etymology 3Edit

PronounEdit

e

  1. (slang, Internet, text messaging) Abbreviation of em.

ReferencesEdit


VilamovianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

e n

  1. egg

VolapükEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (before a vowel) ed

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ConjunctionEdit

e

  1. and

Related termsEdit


WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel): è
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): é
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ê
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ë

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Welsh alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by dd and followed by f.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit
  • e cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word eliffant (elephant):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eliffant unchanged unchanged heliffant
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

e f (plural eau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
e unchanged unchanged he
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


Etymology 2Edit

Reduction of literary ef

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. he, him

Usage notesEdit

E is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while o is used in the north, with fe and fo as variants of e and o respectively. In formal Welsh, the equivalent pronoun is ef.


WestrobothnianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse æ (ay, ever, always), from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (forever).

AdverbEdit

e

  1. ay
    e värr å e värr
    ever worse and worse

Etymology 2Edit

ArticleEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of i

Etymology 3Edit

PrepositionEdit

e

  1. Alternative form of i

YorubaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fourth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called é and written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

é

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a high-tone /e/)

PronounEdit

é

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a low- or mid-tone /e/)

ZazakiEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

InterjectionEdit

e

  1. yes

ParticleEdit

e

  1. yes

AntonymsEdit


ZuluEdit

LetterEdit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit