This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*yeh₂- (imperfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to go
  2. to go in, enter
  3. to ride, to travel

Derived termsEdit

  • *yéh₂-ti ~ *ih₂-énti (athematic root present)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *jā́ˀtei
      • Latvian: jât
      • Lithuanian: jóti
      • Proto-Slavic: *jě̀ti (see there for further descendants)
        • Proto-Slavic: *jě̀xati (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *yáHti
  • *yéh₂-os ~ *yéh₂-es-
    • Proto-Celtic: *yās
      • Old Irish: á (chariot)
  • *yéh₂-lo- (zeal)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Proto-Celtic: *yālos (praise, worship)
      • Proto-Brythonic: *yọl
        • Middle Welsh: iawl (prayer, supplication, worship)
      • Old Irish: áil (request, desire)
    • Hellenic:
  • *yéh₂-mn̥
  • *yéh₂-no-
  • *yeh₂-tóm
    • Proto-Slavic: *ěto (see there for further descendants)
  • *yéh₂-tu-s ~ *ih₂-téw-s
    • Proto-Celtic: *yātus (see there for further descendants)
  • *yéh₂-wēr or *yéh₂-wō
  • *yi-yéh₂-[4]
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
      • Proto-Slavic:
        • Old Church Slavonic: ꙗдо (jado, to travel)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1. i̯eh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 309
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “i̯ā-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 296
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “iyā-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 71