Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/s-mun

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *mun/rmun (Coblin, 1986), *mun ~ s-mun (Chou, 1972)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *s-mun (Matisoff, STEDT)

AdjectiveEdit

*s-mun

  1. dark, dim, dusky, blurred
  2. dusk, evening, darkness
  3. dull, stupid, confused
  4. sad, sulky

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese:
    (*mɯːns (ZS), melancholy, depressed; dull, stupid)
    (*m̥ˁun (B-S), *m̥ɯːn (ZS), dusk, evening; dark; confused, bewildered)
    > (*m̥ɯːn (ZS, to marry; marriage)
    (traditionally (since Han Dynasty) regarded as a derivation from , so named since marriage ceremonies took place at dusk in ancient times; may be folk etymology instead)
    (*m̥ɯːn, *m̥ɯːns (ZS), muddled, confused)
    (*m̥ɯːn (ZS), drizzly, misty)
    (*mɯns (ZS), disorderly, confused, tangled)
    perhaps also
    (*moːnʔ, *muːnʔ, *muːns (ZS), sullen, sulky, resentful)
    (*m̥ˁut (B-S), *m̥ɯːd (ZS), careless, confused; disorderly; dim, blurred; rapid; sudden) (Baxter/Sagart, 1998)
    (*m̥ɯːd, *mɯd (ZS), dawn, daybreak; dark)
    • Middle Chinese: (muənH), , , (huən), (huən, huənX, huənH), (mɨunH), (muɑnX, muənX, muənH), (huət), (huət, mɨut)

         Japanese:   (こん, ​kon)
            Korean:   (, hon)
            Vietnamese:  hôn ()

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (mèn, /mən⁵¹/, "depressed, in low spirits"; mēn, /mən⁵⁵/, "tightly closed, suffocating, muffled"), (mèn, /mən⁵¹/, "to stew"), , , , (hūn, /xu̯ən⁵⁵/), (wěn, /u̯ən²¹⁴/), (mèn, /mən⁵¹/), , (, /xu⁵⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: མུན་པ (mun pa, dark), དམུན་པ (dmun pa, darkened), རྨུན་པོ (rmun po, (archaic) dull, heavy, stupid)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi

See alsoEdit