Contents

CzechEdit

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. A common ending for many infinitive verbs in Czech

Derived termsEdit

Category Czech words suffixed with -at not found



FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Latin -ātum, whence also English -ate, and the inherited French doublet .[1]

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. -at usually denotes an action or a result of an action, like in assassinat ‎(assassination)

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ é-; in: Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. Added to a back vowel verb to form a noun.
    mond ‎(to say) → mondat ‎(sentence)
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ász to form a collective noun.
    fogász ‎(dentist) → fogászat ‎(dentistry)
  3. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    ház ‎(house) → Vettem egy házat. - I bought a house.
  4. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let, make somebody do something.
    zár ‎(to close) → zárat ‎(to make someone close something)

Usage notesEdit

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár ‎(to wait) → várat ‎(to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér ‎(to ask for) → kéret ‎(to have someone ask for)
    -tat is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít ‎(to clean) → tisztíttat ‎(to have someone clean)
    -tet is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres ‎(to look for) → kerestet ‎(to have someone look for)

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of

Northern SamiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Samic *-ëŋkë.

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. Forms adjectives indicating something that is possessed as a characteristic.
    guhkes juolgi ‎(long leg) + ‎-at → ‎guhkesjuolggat ‎(long-legged)
Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit
Odd, no gradation
Attributive -at
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Attributive -at
singular plural
Nominative -at -agat
Genitive -aga -agiid
Accusative -aga -agiid
Illative -agii -agiidda
Locative -agis -agiin
Comitative -agiin -agiiguin
Essive -agin
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Samic *-ëtē, from Proto-Uralic *-eta. Related to Finnish -ea/-eä.

SuffixesEdit

-at

  1. Forms adjectives from stems, without any particular meaning. Often, the more basic stem is an adverb, the adjective's own attributive form, or has fallen out of use altogether.
Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the strong grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit
Odd, no gradation
Attributive
Nominative -at
Genitive -ada
Attributive
singular plural
Nominative -at -adat
Genitive -ada -adiid
Accusative -ada -adiid
Illative -adii -adiidda
Locative -adis -adiin
Comitative -adiin -adiiguin
Essive -adin
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. Form of the suffix -a used with odd-syllable stems.
InflectionEdit
Even, no gradation
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agaid
Genitive -aga -agaid
Illative -agii -agaide
Locative -agas -again
Comitative -again -agaiguin
Essive -agan
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -agan -agame -agamet
2nd person -agat -agade -agadet
3rd person -agas -agaska -agaset

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos.

SuffixEdit

-at (feminine -ată, plural -ați, feminine plural -ate)

  1. used with a stem to form the masculine singular past participle of regular -a (first conjugation) verbs. (e.g. aruncat, cântat, etc.)

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Category Romanian words suffixed with -at not found



Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German -at, first from direct loanwords, and later becoming productive on its own.

SuffixEdit

-at (Cyrillic spelling -ат)

  1. Used on nominal and verbal stems of loanwords, rarely of native words, to build nouns of various meanings.
    1. Denoting a person.
      adrèsaadrèsāt
      ȗnijaunìjat
      ȂzijaAzìjat
      MìjaMìjat
      delegácijadelègāt
      kandidíratikandìdāt
    2. Denoting a room, building or field.
      dèkāndekànāt
      ekònomekonòmāt
      kàlīfkalìfāt
      konzulkonzùlāt
      màršālmaršalat
      pròtektorprotektòrāt
      rȅktorrektòrāt
    3. Denoting an honor or service.
      dȍktordoktòrāt
      đȁkonđakònāt
      lȅktorlektòrāt
      pàtrōnpatrònāt
      nàdbiskupnadbiskùpāt
    4. Denoting collectivity.
      èpiskopepiskòpāt
      làiklaìkāt
      pàtrīcījpatricìjāt
    5. Denoting things.
      bikarbónabikarbònāt
      jodjòdāt
      separiratisepàrāt
    6. Denoting abstract notions.
      citíraticìtāt
      diktíratidìktāt
      hìstōrijahistorìjāt

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Stjepan Babić (2002), Tvorba riječi u hrvatskome književnome jeziku, 3rd revised edition, HAZU: Zagreb, page 358

VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-at

  1. Used to indicate an amount

Derived termsEdit

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