Albanian edit

Etymology edit

Seen in toponyms such as Qesarat, Kastrat, Dukat, Progonat Bushat.[1] The [-t] as [-s] as both from similar Proto-Albanian *tāi and Proto-Albanian *tjā. Toponym is considered a preservation of Illyrian *-atāi, attested in [Labeatai], [Docleatae], [Autoriatae], [Delmatae].[2] See -të

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at m (-at m)

  1. used to form toponyms. -ian

References edit

  1. ^ Dhrimo, Ali. Për Shqipen dhe shqiptarët. 2008
  2. ^ Kulla, Ariola. (2010). the Albanian Lingustic Journey from Ancient Illyrcum to EU. Linköping University. p. 21.

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin -ātus.

Suffix edit

-at (past participle-forming suffix, feminine -ata, masculine plural -ats, feminine plural -ates)

  1. forms the masculine singular past participle of verbs whose infinitives end in -ar
    parlar (to speak) + ‎-at → ‎parlat (spoken)

Suffix edit

-at (adjective-forming suffix, feminine -ata, masculine plural -ats, feminine plural -ates)

  1. forms adjectives, from nouns, meaning “which contains the suffixed noun”
    piga (freckle) + ‎-at → ‎pigat (freckled)

Suffix edit

-at m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ats)

  1. forms nouns, from the names of types of professionals, meaning the position of being that type of professional; -dom
    almirall (admiral) + ‎-at → ‎almirallat (admiralty)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. a common ending for many infinitive verbs

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • -at in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin -ātum, whence also English -ate, and the inherited French doublet .[1]

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at m (plural -ats)

  1. denotes an action or a result of an action
    assassiner (to assassinate) + ‎-at → ‎assassinat (assassination)

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ é-; in: Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin -ātum, whence also English -ate.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Suffix edit

-at n

  1. -ate

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Russian: -ат (-at)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    • Cyrillic script: -ат
    • Latin script: -at
  • Ukrainian: -ат (-at)

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From -a- (linking vowel) +‎ -t (causative suffix).

Suffix edit

-at

  1. (causative suffix) Added to a back-vowel verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let or make somebody do something.
    Synonyms: -tat/-tet, -aszt/-eszt/-öszt, -jt/-ajt/-ejt, -ít, -dít, (obsolete in this sense) -t
    zár (to close) + ‎-at → ‎zárat (to make someone close something or to have something closed)
Usage notes edit
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár (to wait) + ‎-at → ‎várat (to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér (to ask for) + ‎-et → ‎kéret (to have someone ask(ed) for; to summon someone [by ordering a servant to fetch him/her])
    -tat is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít (to clean) + ‎-tat → ‎tisztíttat (to have someone clean or to have something cleaned)
    -tet is added to front-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres (to look for) + ‎-tet → ‎kerestet (to have someone look(ed) for)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From -a- (linking vowel) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix).

Suffix edit

-at

  1. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun, expressing the result of the action or sometimes a more abstract relation (compare -ás/-és).
    Synonym: -mány/-mény
Usage notes edit
  • (noun-forming suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel verbs
    gondol (to think) + ‎-at → ‎gondolat (a thought, an idea)
    mond (to say) + ‎-at → ‎mondat (sentence)
    -et is added to front-vowel verbs
    dicsér (to praise) + ‎-et → ‎dicséret (praise, commendation)
    él (to live) + ‎-et → ‎élet (life)
    ítél (to judge) + ‎-et → ‎ítélet (judgment)
    mér (to measure) + ‎-et → ‎méret (measurement, size)
Derived terms edit
Other terms

Etymology 3 edit

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
ed suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
case v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / -∅
az / -∅
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / -∅
azt / -∅
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

From -a- (linking vowel) +‎ -t (accusative suffix).

Suffix edit

-at (accusative case suffix)

  1. Forms the accusative case for a certain group of back-vowel nouns and numerals, back-vowel past participles, most back-vowel adjectives, and all back-vowel forms following any other inflectional suffix(es).
    ház (house)Vettem egy házat.I bought a house.
    okos (smart, clever)okosat (smart, clever [acc.])
    hány? (how many)hányat? (how many [acc.])
    három (three)hármat (three [acc.])
    ablakok (windows)ablakokat (windows [acc.])
    asztalom (my desk/table)asztalomat (my desk/table [acc.])
    nagyobb (bigger)nagyobbat (a/the bigger one [acc.])
    nyitott (opened)nyitottat (the opened one [acc.])
Usage notes edit
  • (accusative case suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -∅ (zero form), optionally, after possessive suffixes, especially in the singular but sometimes also in the plural (and not infrequently after multiple-possession forms as well), except for the third-person singular (“his/her/its”, -ja/-je) as its omission would not reduce the number of syllables.
    Elviszem a kabátom(at/), kabátod(at/); kabátunk(at/∅), kabátotok(at/∅), kabátjuk(at/∅); kabátjaim(at/∅) etc.
    I’ll take my coat, your coat; our coat, [plural] your coat, their coat; my coats etc.
    It is also omitted usually from the accusative forms of first- and second-person singular personal pronouns (engem, téged (me, you)).

Etymology 4 edit

From -atik (passive-forming suffix), removing the ending.

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Combining form of -atik (passive-forming suffix) before all inflectional and derivational suffixes, except the dictionary form itself, the indefinite third-person singular present indicative
    elnyomatik (to be suppressed)elnyomatás (suppression, being suppressed).
Usage notes edit

(combining forms of the passive-forming suffix) Variants: -at-, -et-, -tat-, -tet- (from -atik, -etik, -tatik, -tetik), as well as the tautological (doubly suffixed) forms -attat-, -ettet- (from -attatik, -ettetik). See more in the template of the full forms of this suffix.

See also edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *-āt, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂yéti.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of (first conjugation)

Descendants edit

  • Old Galician-Portuguese: -a
    • Fala: -a
    • Galician: -a
    • Portuguese: -a
  • Spanish: -a

Suffix edit

-āt

  1. (poetic, syncopated, rare) third-person singular perfect active indicative of (first conjugation; verbs with the perfect infix -av-)

Descendants edit

  • Gallo-Romance:
    • Old French: -a
      • French: -a

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Alternative form of -iet (noun plural suffix)

Usage notes edit

  • Regularly used after . Otherwise only in exceptional forms, though somewhat commonly after ħ and q.

Northern Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈ-ah(t)/

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Samic *-ëŋkë.

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Forms adjectives indicating something that is possessed as a characteristic.
    guhkes juolgi (long leg) + ‎-at → ‎guhkesjuolggat (long-legged)
Usage notes edit
  • This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.
Inflection edit
Odd, no gradation
Attributive -at
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Attributive -at
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agiid
Genitive -aga -agiid
Illative -agii -agiidda
Locative -agis -agiin
Comitative -agiin -agiiguin
Essive -agin
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Samic *-ëtē, from Proto-Uralic *-eta. Related to Finnish -ea/-eä.

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Forms adjectives from stems, without any particular meaning. Often, the more basic stem is an adverb, the adjective's own attributive form, or has fallen out of use altogether.
Usage notes edit
  • This suffix triggers the strong grade on a preceding stressed syllable.
Inflection edit
Odd, no gradation
Attributive
Nominative -at
Genitive -ada
Attributive
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -adat
Accusative -ada -adiid
Genitive -ada -adiid
Illative -adii -adiidda
Locative -adis -adiin
Comitative -adiin -adiiguin
Essive -adin
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Form of the suffix -a used with odd-syllable stems.
Inflection edit
Even a-stem, hk-g gradation
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agaid
Genitive -aga -agaid
Illative -ahkii -agaide
Locative -agas -again
Comitative -again -agaiguin
Essive -ahkan
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -ahkan -ahkame -ahkamet
2nd person -ahkat -ahkade -ahkadet
3rd person -ahkas -ahkaska -ahkaset

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -ātus.

Suffix edit

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -atus.

Suffix edit

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms edit

References edit

Old Norse edit

Alternative forms edit

  • -a, -t (after vowels)

Etymology edit

Possibly from Proto-Germanic *aiwwihtiz, whence Old English āwiht (anything, something; at all). The prototype of ek veit-at 'I don't know' would then be Proto-Norse *ek ne wait aiwwihti 'I know not at all', after which *aiwwihti was reduced to -at and ne eventually dropped in a process identical to the origin of French pas (not). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix edit

-at

  1. negative verbal suffix; does not
    Synonyms: eigi,
    hann veitat
    he knows not

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • at in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Phalura edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Second person plural suffix

Alternative forms edit

  • -íit (With e-ending verb stems)
  • -óot (With a-ending verb stems)
  • -et (Biori)
  • -éet (With e-ending verb stems in Biori)
  • -áat (With a-ending verb stems in Biori)

References edit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /at/
  • Rhymes: -at
  • Syllabification: at

Suffix edit

-at m

  1. forms masculine nouns; -ate, -age
    anonim + ‎-at → ‎anonimat

Declension edit

Inanimate declension:

Animate declension:

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • -at in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-at m or n (feminine singular -ată, masculine plural -ați, feminine and neuter plural -ate)

  1. Used with a stem to form the masculine singular past participle of regular -a (first conjugation) verbs.
    arunca (to throw) + ‎-at → ‎aruncat (thrown)
    cânta (to sing) + ‎-at → ‎cântat (sung)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

From German -at, first from direct loanwords, and later becoming productive on its own.

Suffix edit

-at (Cyrillic spelling -ат)

  1. Used on nominal and verbal stems of loanwords, rarely of native words, to build nouns of various meanings.
    1. Denoting a person.
      adrèsaadrèsāt
      ȗnijaunìjat
      ȂzijaAzìjat
      MìjaMìjat
      delegácijadelègāt
      kandidíratikandìdāt
    2. Denoting a room, building or field.
      dèkāndekànāt
      ekònomekonòmāt
      kàlīfkalìfāt
      konzulkonzùlāt
      màršālmaršalat
      pròtektorprotektòrāt
      rȅktorrektòrāt
    3. Denoting an honor or service.
      dȍktordoktòrāt
      đȁkonđakònāt
      lȅktorlektòrāt
      pàtrōnpatrònāt
      nàdbiskupnadbiskùpāt
    4. Denoting collectivity.
      èpiskopepiskòpāt
      làiklaìkāt
      pàtrīcījpatricìjāt
    5. Denoting things.
      bikarbónabikarbònāt
      jodjòdāt
      separiratisepàrāt
    6. Denoting abstract notions.
      citíraticìtāt
      diktíratidìktāt
      hìstōrijahistorìjāt

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Babić, Stjepan (2002), Tvorba riječi u hrvatskome književnome jeziku, 3rd revised edition, Zagreb: HAZU, page(s) 358

Volapük edit

Suffix edit

-at

  1. Used to indicate an amount

Derived terms edit