Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kolo

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kálas, cognate with Old Prussian kelan (wheel). Formally from Proto-Indo-European *kʷól-os ~ *kʷól-es-, from *kʷel- (to turn). Related to reduplicated o-stem *kʷékʷlos, whence Lithuanian kãklas (neck), Latvian kakls (neck).

Meillet explains the o-grade, which is uncommon in s-stem nouns, with the influence of a parallel o-grade instrumental noun reflected in Ancient Greek πόλος (pólos, pole, axis).

NounEdit

*kȍlo n[1][2][3]

  1. wheel
  2. circle
  3. (in the plural) wheeled vehicle

DeclensionEdit

In some daughter langauges, later reanalyzed as o-stem:

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Back-formations from *kolesà (plural):

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kȍlo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 229: “n. s ‘wheel’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “kolo kolese”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 150; PR 138); d (RPT 85)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “kolo”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), https://fran.si: “Pslovan. *kȍlo, rod. *kȍlese”