This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kálas, cognate with Old Prussian kelan (wheel). Formally from Proto-Indo-European *kʷól-os ~ *kʷól-es-, from *kʷel- (to turn). Related to reduplicated o-stem *kʷékʷlos, whence Lithuanian kãklas (neck), Latvian kakls (neck).

Meillet explains the o-grade, which is uncommon in s-stem nouns, with the influence of a parallel o-grade instrumental noun reflected in Ancient Greek πόλος (pólos, pole, axis).

Noun edit

*kȍlo n[1][2][3]

  1. wheel
  2. circle
  3. (in the plural) wheeled vehicle

Declension edit

In some daughter languages, later reanalyzed as o-stem:

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Back-formations from *kolesà (plural):

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “колесо́”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1983), “*kolo”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 10 (*klepačь – *konь), Moscow: Nauka, page 141
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1979), “коло”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volumes 2 (и – крепя̀), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 559

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*kȍlo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 229:n. s ‘wheel’
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “kolo kolese”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c (SA 150; PR 138); d (RPT 85)
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “kolo”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, *kȍlo, rod. *kȍlese