This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *māns. From Proto-Indo-European *wéy, with an irregular change from *w- to *m-. The same irregular change happened in middle Indo-Iranian languages and German dialects. Cognate with Lithuanian mẽs and Old Armenian մեք (mekʿ).

Pronoun Edit


  1. we (plural)

Declension Edit

Descendants Edit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: мꙑ (my)
      • Old Ruthenian: мы (my)
        • Belarusian: мы (my)
        • Rusyn: мы ()
        • Ukrainian: ми (my)
      • Russian: мы (my)
    • Old Novgorodian: мꙑ (my)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Old Cyrillic script: мꙑ (my)
      Glagolitic script: [Term?]
    • Bulgarian: ние (nie) (re-formed by analogy)
    • Macedonian: ние (nie) (re-formed by analogy), ми (mi) (dialectal), мие (mie) (dialectal)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic script: ми̑
      Latin script:
    • Slovene: (tonal orthography)
  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: my
    • Kashubian:
    • Old Polish: my
      • Polish: my
      • Silesian: my
    • Slovak: my
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: my
      • Upper Sorbian: my

References Edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*my”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 336: “prn. ‘we’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “my”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “we: cf. table X (SA 34ff., 244)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), “*mŷ”

Further reading Edit