This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From oblique case of *sẹ-. Somewhat similar to Proto-Mongolic *ci (you) and Proto-Tungusic *si (you).



  1. thou; you



  1. Denotes "to be" for second person singular/plural when at the end of an object; are
  2. Denotes second person singular or plural after various tenses

Related termsEdit


  • Common Turkic
    • Karakhanid: سَنْ(sen)
    • Old Turkic
    • Khorezmian Turkic: [script needed] (sen)
    • Arghu
      • Khalaj: [script needed] (sän)
    • Oghuz
      • Azerbaijani: sən
      • Gagauz: sän
      • Ottoman Turkish: سن(sen), سین(-sin)
      • Salar: [script needed] (sēn)
      • Turkmen: sen
    • Kipchak
      • Kipchak: [script needed] (sen)
      • Mamluk-Kipchak: [script needed] (sen)
      • West Kipchak
      • North Kipchak
      • South Kipchak
    • Karluk
      • Chagatai: [script needed] (sen)
    • Siberian
      • North Siberian
      • South Siberian
        • Western Yugur: [script needed] (sen)
        • Yenisei Turkic
        • Sayan Turkic
  • Oghur

Further readingEdit

  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*si”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “sen”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 831