Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/sen

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-TurkicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From oblique case of *sẹ-. Somewhat similar to Proto-Mongolic *ci (you) and Proto-Tungusic *si (you).

PronounEdit

*sen

  1. thou; you

PostpositionEdit

*sen

  1. Denotes "to be" for second person singular/plural when at the end of an object; are
  2. Denotes second person singular or plural after various tenses

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Common Turkic
    • Karakhanid: سَنْ(sen)
    • Old Turkic
    • Khorezmian Turkic: [script needed] (sen)
    • Arghu
      • Khalaj: [script needed] (sän)
    • Oghuz
      • Azerbaijani: sən
      • Gagauz: sän
      • Ottoman Turkish: سن(sen), سین(-sin)
      • Salar: [script needed] (sēn)
      • Turkmen: sen
    • Kipchak
      • Kipchak: [script needed] (sen)
      • Mamluk-Kipchak: [script needed] (sen)
      • West Kipchak
      • North Kipchak
      • South Kipchak
    • Karluk
      • Chagatai: [script needed] (sen)
    • Siberian
      • North Siberian
      • South Siberian
        • Western Yugur: [script needed] (sen)
        • Yenisei Turkic
        • Sayan Turkic
  • Oghur

Further readingEdit

  • Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*si”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “sen”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 831