From Proto-Semitic *Ṭībat, *Tūbātt (Arabic طيبة، توبات; Hebrew טובּה, טובּת), itself deriving from Proto-Turkic *Töbäd, *Töpüt (plural of *töbän, literally “the heights”)), from earlier Tuyuhun *Töpän / *Töpät.(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)
- The Tibetan Plateau, a plateau region in Central Asia, where the Tibetan people traditionally live, encompassing what is now Tibet Autonomous Region (also called Xizang), most of Qinghai, the western half of Sichuan, a small part of Yunnan and a small part of Gansu in the Peoples Republic of China, and also the country of Bhutan, and the Indian regions of Sikkim and Ladakh.
- An independent kingdom that formerly existed in Central Asia where the Tibet Autonomous Region now is.
- A common shorthand name for Tibet Autonomous Region, previously mostly coterminous with the independent portion of Tibet until 1950.
In Tibetan, བོད (bod) properly refers to the entire plateau region that is translated to English as Tibet or Tibetan Plateau, of which Tibet Autonomous Region (Hanzi: 西藏自治区, Pinyin: Xizang Zizhiqu) only forms one part. In international media, Tibet is often used as the shorthand name for Tibet Autonomous Region entity. In modern Chinese of the People's Republic of China, 西藏 Xizang refers to Tibet Autonomous Region (including P.R.C.-claimed Arunachal Pradesh in India), but is named after Tibetan དབུས་གཙང (Dbus-gtsang or Ü-Tsang), one of the traditional provinces of Tibet that includes the capital Lhasa. Today in the complex politics surrounding Tibet, the use of Tibet for the entire plateau can be offensive to Chinese people particularly in the People's Republic of China, while the use of Tibet exclusively for Tibet Autonomous Region can be offensive to Tibetan people. Additionally, when the term Tibetan Plateau is used consistently instead of Tibet to refer to བོད (bod), it can also be considered insensitive to Tibetan people.
- (region of China): Xizang, Tibetan Autonomous Region
- (plateau): Tibetan Plateau, Tibet Plateau
- (kingdom): The Hermit Kingdom/Hermit Kingdom
- ^ Behr, Wolfgang, (1994). "Stephan V. Beyer The Classical Tibetan Language (book review)", Oriens 34, pp. 558–559
- ^ Louis Bazin et James Hamilton, "L'origine du nom tibet," Ernst Steinkellner ed., Tibetan History and Language: Studies Dedicated to Uray Geza on His Seventieth Birthday (Wien: Arbeitskreis für tibetische und buddhistiche Studien Universitlit Wien, 1991), pp. 9-28. In: SINO-PLATONIC PAPERS, Number 146, February 2005. "The -yu Ending in Xiongnu, Xianbei, and Gaoju Onomastica" by Hoong Teik Toh. Editor: Victor H. Mair. Sino-Platonic Papers. Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations. University of Pennsylvania.
Tibet n (genitive Tibets)
- highland in East Asia or autonomous part from China; Tibet
- Tibet in Duden online
Tìbet m (Cyrillic spelling Тѝбет)
From Old Turkic 𐱅𐰇𐰯𐰇𐱅 (Tüpüt, “Tibet”), from Proto-Turkic *Töbäd, *Töpüt (“Tibet”), from *töpüt (“heights”), plural of *töbän (“height, elevated area”). Compare English Tibet, a Turkic borrowing.